Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola
NEWSLETTER 5, October 2019
New name, new logo!
This 5th issue of the GCIRC Newsletter will inform you on the post-congress news and events.
A major one being our new logo, chosen by the GCIRC board to realize the decision of the General Assembly to change of name and moto, as explained in the previous issue of this newsletter.
Table des matières
Activity/ News of the association: The 15th International Rapeseed Congress, Berlin, June 16-19, 2019 Guided Post-Congress-Tours 16th IRC in Sydney, Australia Welcome to New GCIRC members Collecting the 15th IRC presentations, let us go on!
Scientific news Publications
Value chains and regional news
Upcoming International and national events
New name, new logo!
This 5th issue of the GCIRC Newsletter will inform you on the post-congress news and events. A major one being our new logo, chosen by the GCIRC board to realize the decision of the General Assembly to change of name and moto, as explained in the previous issue of this newsletter.
This 5th issue of the newsletter is the first occasion to show our new logo: we do hope that you will like it. Beginning 2020, it will be on the homepage of our new website whose launching is expected for the new year. Beyond reshaping the formal appearance of our association, “Building a World community for Innovation on Rapeseed and Canola” is a permanent effort for which everyone involved in rapeseed & canola research and innovation is involved, whatever his/her role in the GCIRC – the board, committees, as researcher, extensionist, etc… The success of the 15th International Rapeseed Congress is a good indicator of the vitality of this world of research and innovation in Rapeseed and Canola: the concluding remarks of the congress by Prof Wolfgang Friedt duly record the progress made, highlight the challenges and open encouraging perspectives. Hope that we will go on with the innovation trend and see the results in 2023 in Sydney… We welcome 12 new GCIRC members, which is also a very encouraging signal for this associ-ation, and we expect that many others will join GCIRC, for a better vision and development of rapeseed and canola research and innovation.
The GCIRC Executive Board
Activity/ News of the association:
The 15th International Rapeseed Congress, Berlin, June 16-19, 2019,
The 15th IRC was a real success regarding the quality and diversity of the communications and the participation of scientists from all regions of the world. The concluding remarks ex-posed at the end of the congress on June 19th by Wolfgang Friedt, President of GCIRC, offer an overview and remind us, 3 months later, of the top points of this memorable congress, and some notes about the life of GCIRC.
<<Ladies and Gentlemen, First of all, I would like to thank you all for your valuable inputs and many different ways. I do hope that you have enjoyed the participation in the 15th International Rapeseed Con-gress as much as I did. Please let me take the opportunity to recapitalize some highlights of the congress from my point of view.
Regarding the topics GENETICS, GENOMICS AND BREEDING, numerous approaches and technologies for investigating the OSR and Brassica genomes that did not even exist at the last congress have been established in recent years and are being applied. For example, the sequencing of long reads enabling the discovery of large and small scale genome structural variation in an unprecedented detail. This provides a great opportunity to understand chro-mosomal rearrangements or cytoplasmatic evolution in the interest of trait improvement. If someone had told you that one would instantly sequence several hundreds and even up to over thousand entire genomes of the worldwide rapeseed collection one would probably not have believed it. This enormous data resource enables the community to push the Pan Genome approach forward, which creates an extremely powerful data source to unlock the secrets of trait inheritance. For sure, this information will be a solid base for further under-standing the complex regulation of relevant traits. Especially at a time when sequence in-formation is doubling every few months, I am sure that there is still much to expect from this scientific area in the future. But the mere description of DNA information is not enough: only the link to traits, i.e. agro-nomic or quality characteristics will make all of the thousands of Terabyte sequence infor-mation useful. In this regard, it is good to see that the better understanding of plant ge-nomes can make a significant contribution to breeding progress. Especially, contributions on understanding hybrid vigor, the development of heterotic pools and on the expansion of genetic pools and new ways of predictive breeding have been addressed. A novelty that was already mentioned four years ago in Saskatoon but is now being imple-mented, targets the possibilities of genome editing. In the Mutagenesis and Genome Editing Session we have seen far-ahead possibilities for precise modification in unprecedented accu-racy, even in polyploid species like wheat or rapeseed (see final keynote by Gaixa GAO). Alt-hough, these technologies can currently not be practically applied in Europe because of legal restriction, recent statements from various European countries to make a fresh start to ad-just the “Genetic Engineering Act” give hope that local breeders may have access to these new opportunities in the future: Not only Breeders but also Farmers AND environment AND the whole society could benefit from such a change of setting. Due to the attractiveness of the crop for farmers and industry and its strong extension in various regions, it also became attractive for all kinds of unwanted organisms living and feeding on the plant: So, DISEASES AND PESTS have gained undesirable importance in many growing areas. Therefore, the cultivation of oilseed rape is globally confronted with many challenges determining priorities of future rapeseed research and development. Consequently, insect pests and fungal diseases are a serious threat for OSR today. Therefore, it is no surprise that more than one fourth of the contributed papers were submitted to this topic. Noteworthy, separate workshops have been organized in this field dealing with special pathogens and their control, i.e. blackleg, clubroot, and sclerotina. I would like to particularly thank the organizers and also the participants of all workshops very much again for their outstanding activity.
At the same time, the issue of protecting beneficial organisms has become very important recently. So, it is all the more gratifying that the congress has concretely devoted itself to this question. The ideal way to control diseases and pests would be of course to protect beneficial organisms while still providing effective protection against yield limiting pests and diseases. And where there are problems, there are also possible solutions which may be roughly summarized in three categories: i) Technological advancement for safer use of pesticides: For example, the smart idea of applying pesticides by a dropleg nozzle shows that technolo-gies for protecting the environment can be developed allowing a more sustainable applica-tion of agrochemicals. Therefore, chemical plant protection must not be ruled out in the future. ii) With regard to the use of effective biocontrols and alternative coatings, this congress showed that the identification of such approaches have potential for future OSR production. Since not all techniques that seem promising in the laboratory would also work under field conditions and not necessarily make their way to practical application, such investigations of alternative agents are essential. It was good to see that the idea of using beneficial fungi to prevent severe damage by clubroot and insects has been followed. To bring this forward a further and deeper under-standing of microbe - or insect - to-plant interaction is clearly required; this topic will proba-bly accompany us in the future. iii) The best resistance strategy would be that the plant protects itself. Therefore, the ex-ploitation and systematic use of plant genetic variation for resistance breeding has high pri-ority: given that some of the pathogens, Verticillium for instance, cannot be cured by chemi-cal agents and that there are declining chemical options for plant protection - particularly in the EU - it is urgently required to try and discover genetic determinants of resistance or tol-erance which can be used in breeding for resistance to biotic stresses such as insect pests. It has been a particular intention for the organizers to strengthen the topic AGRONOMY in the IRC 2019: this congress has probably been as much in context of climate change as no other congress before. The increasing frequency of extreme weather events makes us won-der whether and how rapeseed farming needs to be reshaped in the future. Although not every drought and every hot summer are attributable to climate change, on almost all conti-nents weather extremes have increased and somehow caused yield losses. In addition, the emergence of increasing environmental standards - taking the avoidance of nutrient (N) sur-pluses with their consequences on ecosystems and drinking water as an example – put fur-ther pressure on achieving high yield at justifying costs for environment. Several contribu-tions on plant physiology, nutrition and challenges for crop management and a special work-shop dealing with the management under environmental stress have improved our under-standing for above and belowground plant architecture, and the development of specialized tissues under abiotic stress. In light of the fact that the strong breeding progress achieved without any doubts is not always reflected in yield on the farm level, it is quite important to rethink and reshape the way OSR is cultivated and integrated in crop rotations and how the management can contribute to convert the knowledge in higher yields and better products. MUSTARD AND OTHER CRUCIFEROUS CROPS: another intention of the IRC has been the des-ignation of a special session on mustards, reflecting their importance especially on the Indian subcontinent. I am not sure if this “experiment“ can be considered as successful. Rather, it deserves further consideration e.g. by the organizers of the coming IRC.
Given the tremendous challenges for OSR but at the same time the overwhelming growth of knowledge leading to upcoming and useful technologies providing solutions one could never imagine before, make me strongly believe that in four years from now the 16th IRC in Sydney/Australia will become at least as interesting and inspiring as the last four days here in Berlin. In view of the growing population and the increasing consumption, there is obviously a rising demand for products of oilplants like rapeseed. Therefore, OSR cultivation is expanding in various regions of the world, for example in eastern Europe and Russia. Nowadays, the crop is not just esteemed for its healthy seed-oil, but the RS meal is also a valuable compound as feed not only for ruminants such as dairy cows but – as we have learned in several talks on ANIMAL NUTRITION – is more and more used as a protein-rich feedstuff for monogastric animals such as pigs and poultry. The local demand for non-GMO protein in Europe further boosts this development. In addition, the rapeseed protein may also become a valuable commodity for HUMAN NU-TRITION as well. Changing consumer behavior causes a significant demand for vegetable protein products and opens more opportunities on sales market for OSR as ever before. This lets me strongly believe that OSR will have indeed a flowering future in the feed and the food area and beyond. Major prerequisites for such a wishful development include: • Better exploitation of yield potential in terms of farm yield via better adaptation of cultivars to abiotic stress and pathogens (i.e. complementation of chemical and biological approaches). • Development of resilient agro-ecosystems by increasing crop diversity and improving crop rotations (i.e. diversification of cereal-centered agrosystems). • Increase the added value of oilseed rape/canola via better exploiting the existing and potential diversity of valuable ingredients inside the rape seeds; e.g. improve and use rape-seed protein as a valuable alternative to animal protein.
All these scientific approaches and research activities will only be feasible and finally suc-cessful based on a strong and vital scientific community. As a well-established organization already established decades ago, GCIRC can better serve as this necessary basis. During the IRC 2019, the General Assembly of GCIRC has adapted and modified its constitution, based on corresponding suggestions and recommendation of the GCIRC Board. Major changes include: I. The change of name: the acronym GCIRC from now on stands for “Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola”. II. The reduction of membership fee: from now on the personal fee will be 75 EUR (until now 120 EUR).
With these changes we do hope to broaden the awareness of GCIRC in the whole “rape-seed/canola world” and strengthen its scientific potential, significance and relevance in the future!
I will not close my conclusion without thanking all participants for your attention and all the people involved in the congress planning for their great input and tireless commitment: Thank you very much for your kind attendance and valuable contributions. With that I wish you a further eventful stay in Berlin and Germany, exciting field trips and finally: a good and safe way back home.>>
As a special « present » to the IRC visitors from abroad, Field Tours to different regions in Germany relevant for rapeseed research and cultivation were organized: the North, the South and the West Tour. Whereas the first tour headed to locations in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, the second aimed for the visit of relevant sites in southern Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony. Finally, the west tour lead to the medieval town of Quedlinburg in western Saxony-Anhalt where the large national research institution Julius Kuehn-Institute (JKI) is based. Here, participants could learn more about the applied research program on cultivated plants including rapeseed. On day 3, the Experimental Farm Rauischholzhausen of the University of Giessen in Hesse was visited; this tour provided an overview on field exper-iments on many crop species incl. rapeseed and official VCU-trials. In this short report, we are focusing on the latter West Tour as an example. The bus arrived in Quedlinburg (QLB) in the evening of June 19th, so that we had time for a guided city tour of the medieval city on the same evening. Then, we have got started with the visit of the JKI centre on the next morning, June 20th. After the welcome and introduc-tion by the Vice president of JKI, Prof. Peter Zwerger, and several senior scientists (Dr. Brandes, Mr Hausmann, Dr. Serfling, Dr. Will) gave us introductions into the whole institu-tion and their specific research projects in terms of field trials, greenhouse experiments fo-cusing on resistance research and pre-breeding activities: altogether a very informative and highly qualified tour of the JKI research centre at Quedlinburg. During early afternoon we continued our bus tour to Marburg/Lahn (MR): again, a guided tour of the picturesque city in the evening. In the morning of June 21st, the bus brought us to the University of Giessen, Experimental farm of Rauischholzhausen, where Prof. Rod Snow-don, Head of the Plant Breeding Department, and several scientists incl. Dr. Obermeier, Dr. Stahl, Dr. Wittkop a.o. were waiting for the visitors. A very informative tour and introduction into various research projects on agronomical issues and breeding projects run at this farm using field and greenhouse studies included detailed demonstrations of the innovative work carried out at this active and prospering institute. Foreign guests afterwards continued their journey via Giessen or Frankfurt railway stations and/or Frankfurt International Airport (accompanied and very well assisted by Florian Boe-nigk, WPR). Participants have expressed their appreciation for the intense scientific and sightseeing pro-gram and the amount of information provided during this tour: it has been a great success!
16th IRC in Sydney, Australia
The GCIRC Executive board and General Assembly approved the proposition of Australia to organize the next 16th International Rapeseed Congress, in 2023, in Sydney, which will take place 24 years after the memorable Australian edition in Canberra, in 1999. At the end of the Berlin Congress and following the tradition, Robert Wilson presented the next congress and hosting city.
“Dear Friends and Colleagues, it is a great pleasure to be able to invite you to you to be a part of the International Rapeseed Congress to be held in Sydney, Australia. The Congress will run from 24-27 September at the International Convention Centre (ICC) Sydney in one of the world’s most picturesque cities. Surrounded by a majestic Harbour and scattered with beaches, national parks and green areas, Sydney is a city that will entice you to explore. ICC Sydney is at the heart of its very own. Sydney harbour waterfront precinct, set amongst restaurants, retail and a vibrant public domain on Darling Harbour yet only a moment’s walk to Australia’s largest CBD, Barangaroo, local universities, Sydney Harbour Bridge and The Sydney Opera House. Sydney – it’s closer than you think!”
Welcome to New GCIRC members
Following the International Rapeseed Congress in Berlin, we have the pleasure to welcome 12 new GCIRC members: from Australia (1), Canada (1), China (2), France (1), India (5), Po-land (1) and USA (1). - ARORA Rakesh Kumar, from India, Tierra Agrotech Private Limited - CHOUDHARY B.R., from India, Agriculture University, with main interest in Plant Breeding & Genetics - DESPEGHEL Jean-Pierre, from France, Despeghel consulting SAS, with main interests in Breeding, genetics, agronomy, pathology, process and uses, economy, challenges… - GUPTA Mahesh Chand, from India, RASI SEEDS INDIA, with main interest in Breeding, genetics, biotechnology, pathology, biochemistry, process, physiology. - JIANG Lixi, from China, Zhejiang University, with main interest in Plant Breeding & Genetics - KAPUR Arvind form India, ACSEN HYVEG, with main interest in Plant Breeding & Ge-netics - LU Kun from China, Southwest University, with main interest in Genetics and Ge-nomics - MIKULSKI Tomasz, from Poland, Norddeutsche Pflanzenzucht Hans-Georg Lembke KG - NASH Michael, from Australia, University of Adelaide, with main interest in Sustain-able pest management - OLIVIER Chrystel, from Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, with main interest in Entomology and plant pathology - SODHI Yaspal Singh, from India, ACSEN HYVEG, with main interest in Plant Breeding & Genetics - STAMM Michael, from USA, Kansas State University For most of them, you will find on the GCIRC website their personal webpage.
Collecting the 15th IRC presentations, let us go on!
There were 227 presentations delivered at the 15th IRC program (keynotes, plenary, oral), plus 48 presentations during the workshops, and 337 posters. So far, the GCIRC Secretariat already received 56 presentations and 71 posters, which is an interesting result. These presentations and posters will be put online on the new GCIRC website: expected to launch in new year of 2020. If you face constraints regarding the publication of your original results in peer review jour-nals, please inform us of the publication when accepted. If not, we encourage you to send us your presentations to contribute to the memory of the news findings in rapeseed/canola research.
An, Hong, Qi Xinshuai, Gaynor Michelle L., Hao Yue, Gebken Sarah C., Mabry Makenzie E., McAlvay Alex C., Teakle Graham R., Conant Gavin C., Barker Michael S.,Fu Tingdong, Yi Bin, Pires J. Chris. Transcriptome and organellar sequencing highlights the complex origin and diversification of allotetraploid Brassica napus. Nature Communications 2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10757-1
Liang Z, Li M, Liu Z, Wang J. 2019. Genome-wide identification and characterization of the Hsp70 gene family in allopolyploid rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) compared with its dip-loid progenitors. PeerJ 7:e7511 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7511
Masood, S. A., Rehman, H. U., Yasin, M., Ahmad, S., Salman, S., & Ali, Q. Genotypic associa-tion studies of yield traits and their inheritance pattern in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.): A review. International Journal of Botany Studies Vol 4.3 http://www.botanyjournals.com/archives/2019/vol4/issue3
Amosova AV, Zoshchuk SA, Volovik VT, Shirokova AV, Horuzhiy NE, Mozgova GV, et al. (2019) Phenotypic, biochemical and genomic variability in generations of the rapeseed (Bras-sica napus L.) mutant lines obtained via chemical mutagenesis. PLoS ONE 14(8): e0221699. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221699
Malmberg, M. M., Spangenberg, G. C., Daetwyler, H. D., Cogan, N. O. I. Assessment of low-coverage nanopore long read sequencing for SNP genotyping in doubled haploid cano-la (Brassica napus L.). Scientific Reports 2019, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45131-0
Elvis Katche, Daniela Quezada-Martinez, Elizabeth Ihien Katche, Paula Vasquez-Teuber, An-naliese S. Mason. Review: Interspecific Hybridization for Brassica Crop Improvement. Crop Breed Genet Genom. 2019;1:e190007. https://doi.org/10.20900/cbgg20190007
Gengyu Pan, Hanfeng Zhang, Bingyou Chen, Shidong Gao, Bo Yang, Yuan-Qing Jiang. Rape-seed calcium-dependent protein kinase CPK6L modulates reactive oxygen species and cell death through interacting and phosphorylating RBOHD. Biochemical and Biophysi-cal Research Communications, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.08.118
Zhou, T., Xu, W., Hirani, A. H., Liu, Z., Tuan, P. A., Ayele, B. T., … Li, G. (2019). Transcriptional Insight Into Brassica napus Resistance Genes LepR3 and Rlm2-Mediated Defense Re-sponse Against the Leptosphaeria maculans Infection. Frontiers in plant science, 10, 823. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00823
Gaebelein, R., Alnajar, D., Koopmann, B. et al. Hybrids between Brassica napus and B. nigra show frequent pairing between the B and A/C genomes and resistance to blackleg. Chromosome Res (2019) 27: 221. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10577-019-09612-2
Liu, R., Ding, LN., Li, M. et al. Characterization of a Rapeseed Anthocyanin-More Mutant with Enhanced Resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. J Plant Growth Regul (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-019-10011-4
Preetesh Kumari and Kaushal Pratap Singh. Characterization of Stable Somatic Hybrids of Sinapis alba and Brassica juncea for Alternaria blight, Sclerotinia sclerotiurum Re-sistance and Heat Tolerance. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu. 2019. http://seea.org.in/ojs/index.php/irjee/article/view/1790
Huang, Z., Peng, G., Gossen, B.D. et al. Fine mapping of a clubroot resistance gene from tur-nip using SNP markers identified from bulked segregant RNA-SeqMol Breeding (2019) 39: 131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-019-1038-8
Liu Lei, Liu Fuxia, Chu Jinfang, Yi Xin, Fan Wenqi, Tang Tang, Chen Guimin, Guo Qiuhuan, Zhao Xiangxiang. A transcriptome analysis reveals a role for the indole GLS-linked auxin biosynthesis in secondary dormancy in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). BMC Plant Biolo-gy 2019. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-1866-z
Yasin, M., R. Shahzadi, M. Riaz, M. Afridi, W. Ajmal, O. Rehman, N. Rehman, G.M. Ali, M.R. Khan. 2019. Expression pattern analysis of core regulatory module Shps-Ful transcripts in rapeseed pod shattering. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 35(3): 696-707. http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.sja/2019/35.3.696.707
Kim K-S, Park W, Lee Y-H, Lee J-E, Moon Y-H, Cha Y-L, et al. Development of Flower Color Changed Landscape Plant through Interspecific and Intergeneric Crosses of Several Cruciferae Crops (Korean, English summary) 2018. https://doi.org/10.7732/KJPR.2018.31.1.077
Wenhao Shen, Pei Qin, Mengjiao Yan, Bao Li, Zengxiang Wu, Jing Wen, Bin Yi, Chaozhi Ma, Jinxiong Shen, Tingdong Fu, Jinxing Tu. Fine mapping of a silique length- and seed weight-related gene in Brassica napus . Theor Appl Genet (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03400-6
Shuyu Li, Yaoyao Zhu, Rajeev Kumar Varshney, Jiepeng Zhan, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Jiaqin Shi Doc-tor, Xinfa Wang, ,Guihua Liu, Hanzhong Wang. A systematic dissection of the mecha-nisms underlying the natural variation of silique number in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) germplasm.Plant Biotechnology Journal. Aug 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13224
Ming Zheng, Liang Zhang, Min Tang, Jinglin Liu, Hongfang Liu, Hongli Yang, Shihang Fan, Wil-liam Terzaghi, Hanzhong Wang, Wei Hua. Knockout of two BnaMAX1 homologs by CRISPR/Cas9‐targeted mutagenesis improves plant architecture and increases yield in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Plant Biotechnology Journal. Aug 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13228
Zhao Weiguo, Chao Hongbo, Zhang Lina, Ta Na, Zhao Yajun, Li Baojun, Zhang Kai, Guan Zhoubo, Hou Dalin, Chen Kang, Li Huaixin, Zhang Libin, Wang Hao, Li Maoteng. Integra-tion of QTL Mapping and Gene Fishing Techniques to Dissect the Multi-Main Stem Trait in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Frontiers in Plant Science. Vol 10, 2019. https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.01152
Liu Tingting, Tang Jingquan, Chen Li, Zeng Jiayue, Wen Jing, Yi Bin, Ma Chaozhi, Tu Jinxing, Fu Tingdong, Shen Jinxiong. Differential expression of miRNAs and their targets in wax-deficient rapeseed. Scientific Reports,2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48439-z
Mendel Perkins, Logan Skori, Neil M.N. Hickerson, Muhammad Jamshed, Marcus A. Samuel. Genetic manipulation of ABI3 confers frost‐tolerant seed degreening in canola. Plant Biotechnology Journal Aug 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13242
Zhu Q, King GJ, Liu X, Shan N, Borpatragohain P, Baten A, et al. (2019) Identification of SNP loci and candidate genes related to four important fatty acid composition in Brassica napus using genome wide association study. PLoS ONE 14(8): e0221578. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221578
Lee, KR., Yu, H., Jeon, I. et al. Accumulation of γ-linolenic acid and stearidonic acid in rape-seeds that heterologously express the Phytophthora citrophthora Δ6 desaturase gene. Plant Biotechnol Rep (2019) 13: 399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11816-019-00547-y
Chen Kang, Yin Yongtai, Liu Si, Guo Zhenyi, Zhang Kai, Liang Yu, Zhang Lina, Zhao Weiguo, Chao Hongbo, Li Maoteng. Genome-wide identification and functional analysis of oleo-sin genes in Brassica napus L. BMC Plant Biology, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-1891-y
KİTİŞ, Yasin Emre , GRENZ, Jan Hendrik , SAUERBORN, Joachim . "Effects of some cereal root exudates on germination of broomrapes (Orobanche spp. and Phelipanche spp.)". Mediterranean Agricultural Sciences 32 / 2 (August 2019): 145-150. https://doi.org/10.29136/mediterranean.546564
Sudha GC Upadhaya, Venkataramana Chapara, Mukhlesur Rahman, and Luis E. del Río Men-doza. Efficacy of Fungicide Seed Treatments in Controlling Blackleg of Canola. Plant Health Progress Jul 2019 https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-05-19-0031-RS
Angela P. Van de Wouw & Barbara J. Howlett (2019) Advances in understanding the Lepto-sphaeria maculans - Brassica pathosystem and their impact on disease management, Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2019.1643788
Farzand Ayaz, Moosa Anam, Zubair Muhammad, Khan Abdur Rashid, Ayaz Muhammad, Massawe Venance Colman, Gao, Xuewen. Transcriptional profiling of diffusible lipopeptides and fungal virulence genes during Bacillus amyloliquefaciens EZ1509 me-diated suppression of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. J Phytopathology, 2019. https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/abs/10.1094/PHYTO-05-19-0156-R
Heting Fu, Yalong Yang, Vachaspati Mishra, Qixing Zhou, Krista Zuzak, David Feindel, Michael Wayne Harding, and Jie Feng. Most Plasmodiophora brassicae populations in single canola root galls from Alberta fields are mixtures of multiple strains. Plant disease Jul 2019. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-19-1235-RE
Sheau-Fang Hwang, Ph.D., Hafiz U. Ahmed, Qixing Zhou, Heting Fu, George D. Turnbull, Ru-doloph Fredua-Agyeman, Stephen Strelkov, Bruce Gossen, Gary Peng. Influence of re-sistant cultivars and crop intervals on clubroot of canola. Revue canadienne de phyto-technie, Aug 2019. https://doi.org/10.1139/CJPS-2019-0018
Junye Jiang, Rudolph Fredua-Agyeman, Stephen Strelkov, Sheau-Fang Hwang. Suppression of canola (Brassica napus) resistance by virulent isolates of Plasmodiophora brassicae (clubroot) during primary infection. Plant Disease Aug 2019, https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-19-0659-RE
Channaoui, S., Labhilili, M., Mouhib, M., Mazouz, H., El Fechtali, M., & Nabloussi, A. (2019). Development and evaluation of diverse promising rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) mu-tants using physical and chemical mutagens. OCL, 26, 35. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019031
Qian Tang, Yanping Fu, Ming Ma, Yao Yao, Zheng Qu, Jiatao Xie, Jiasen Cheng, Daohong Jiang, First report of phytoplasma groups 16SrI and 16SrV infecting Brassica napus in China. Crop Protection, Volume 126, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2019.104921
Tamsal Murtza, Ming Pei You, Martin J. Barbetti. Geographic location and year determine virulence and year determines genetic change in populations of Neoseudocercosporel-la capsellae. Plant Pathology, Aug 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13084
D. PARK, Y. HAHN. A novel Waikavirus (the family Secoviridae) genome sequence identified in rapeseed (Brassica napus). Acta Virologica ,2019. https://doi.org/10.4149/av_2019_205
Ghodke Amol Bharat, Good Robert Trygve, Golz, John F., Russell Derek A., Edwards Owain, Robin Charles. Extracellular endonucleases in the midgut of Myzus persicae may limit the efficacy of orally delivered RNAi. Scientific Reports 2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47357-4
Erlandson MA, Mori BA, Coutu C, Holowachuk J, Olfert OO, Gariepy TD, et al. (2019) Examin-ing population structure of a bertha armyworm, Mamestra configurata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), outbreak in western North America: Implications for gene flow and disper-sal. PLoS ONE 14(6): e0218993. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218993
David R. Gillespie, A. Bruce Broadbent, Peter G. Mason, Tim Haye, Peggy Clarke, Mark S. Goettel & Benjamin Leung (2019) Use of life tables to predict the impact of introducing exotic parasitoids, against the cabbage seedpod weevil in North America, Biocontrol Science and Technology, 29:10, 940-964, https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2019.1625028
Nagalingam, T., & Costamagna, A. (2019). Two methods for rearing the striped flea beetle Phyllotreta striolata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) under laboratory conditions. The Canadian Entomologist, 151(5), 677-683. https://doi.org/10.4039/tce.2019.44
Moradi Aghdam A., Sayfzadeh S., Shirani Rad A.H., Valadabadi S.A., Zakerin H.R. The assess-ment of water stress and delay cropping on quantitative and qualitative traits of rape-seed genotypes. Industrial Crops and Products, Volume 131, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.01.051
Santangeli, M.; Capo, C.; Beninati, S.; Pietrini, F.; Forni, C. Gradual Exposure to Salinity Im-proves Tolerance to Salt Stress in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Water 2019, 11, 1667. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081667
Nabloussi, A., Bahri, H., Lakbir, M., Moukane, H., Kajji, A., & El Fechtali, M. (2019). Assess-ment of a set of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) varieties under waterlogging stress at dif-ferent plant growth stages. OCL, 26, 36. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019033
D.K. Biswas, B.L. Ma, and M.J. Morrison "Changes in leaf nitrogen and phosphorus content, photosynthesis, respiration, growth, and resource use efficiency of a rapeseed cultivar as affected by drought and high temperatures," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 99(4), 488-498, (17 March 2019). https://doi.org/10.1139/cjps-2018-0023
Mohammad Rashid Arif, M. Thoihidul Islam and Arif Hasan Khan Robin. Salinity Stress Alters Root Morphology and Root Hair Traits in Brassica napus. Plants 2019, 8(7), 192; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8070192
Qingsong Zuo, Jingyi Liu, Jing Shan, Jialin Zhou, Long Wang, Guang Yang, Suohu Leng & Hao Liu (2019) Carbon and Nitrogen Assimilation and Partitioning in Canola (Brassica Napus L.) In Saline Environment, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 50:14, 1700-1709, https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2019.1631336
Hasanuzzaman, M., Nahar, K., Khan, M.I.R. et al. Regulation of Reactive Oxygen Species Me-tabolism and Glyoxalase Systems by Exogenous Osmolytes Confers Thermotolerance in Brassica napus . Gesunde Pflanzen (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10343-019-00476-4
Vatan Doost, Hossein and Seyed Sharifi, Raouf and Farzaneh, Salim and Hasanpanah, Davood (2019) The effect of bio-fertilizers on yield and agrophysiological traits of rapeseed under application of nitrogen fertilizer and water restriction conditions. Masters the-sis, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. (Persian, English summary): http://repository.uma.ac.ir/id/eprint/7123/
Soheila Farahani and Eslam Majidi Heravan and Amir Hossein Shirani Rad and Ghorban Noormohammadi. Effect of potassium sulfate on quantitative and qualitative charac-teristics of canola cultivars upon late-season drought stress conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2019.1628987
Mohammad Nauman Khan, Jing Zhang, Tao Luo, Jiahuan Liu, Muhammad Rizwan, Shah Fahad, Zhenghua Xu, Liyong Hu. Seed priming with melatonin coping drought stress in rapeseed by regulating reactive oxygen species detoxification: Antioxidant defense sys-tem, osmotic adjustment, stomatal traits and chloroplast ultrastructure perseveration. Industrial Crops and Products, Volume 140, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.111597
Agnieszka Mierek‐Adamska, Karolina Kotowicz, Anna Goc, Justyna Boniecka, Julia Berdychowska, Grażyna B. Dąbrowska. Potential involvement of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) metallothioneins in the hydrogen peroxide‐induced regulation of seed vig-our. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, Aug 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/jac.12361
Pedrolo, A. M., Stafen, C. F., Leitzke, S., Viana, V. E., Busanello, C., da Rosa, M. P., ... & Pe-goraro, C. (2019). Organic acid effects on Brassica napus L. var. oleifera seed germina-tion and seedling growth. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, 18(2), 163-169. https://doi.org/10.5965/223811711812019163
Zhi, Z. H. A. N. G., Ri-huan, C. O. N. G., Tao, R. E. N., Hui, L. I., Yun, Z. H. U., & Jian-wei, L. U. (2019). Optimizing agronomic practices for closing rapeseed yield gaps under inten-sive cropping systems in China.
Puhl, L., Miralles, D., López, C., Iriarte, L., & Rondanini, D. (2019). Genotype × environment interaction on the yield of spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus) under rainfed condi-tions in Argentine Pampas. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 157(3), 235-244. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859619000522
Rezaeizadeh, M., Sayfzadeh, S., Shirani Rad, A. H., Valadabadi, S. A., & Hadidi Masouleh, E. (2019). Influence of drought stress and Chitosan on fatty acid compounds of rapeseed varieties. Plant Physiology, 9(3), 2819-2825. http://ijpp.iau-saveh.ac.ir/article_667143.html
Szczepanek, Małgorzata; Siwik-Ziomek, Anetta. 2019. "P and K Accumulation by Rapeseed as Affected by Biostimulant under Different NPK and S Fertilization Doses." Agronomy 9, no. 9: 477. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9090477
Sajid Masood, Xue Qiang Zhao, Ren Fang Shen. Bacillus pumilus increases boron uptake and inhibits rapeseed growth under boron supply irrespective of phosphorus fertilization. AoB PLANTS, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plz036
Ling-Li Xie, Fan Chen, Xi-Ling Zou, Si-Si Shen, Xin-Gang Wang, Guo-Xin Yao, Ben-Bo Xu, Graphene oxide and ABA cotreatment regulates root growth of Brassica napus L. by regulat-ing IAA/ABA, Journal of Plant Physiology, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2019.153007
Poveda, Jorge, Hermosa, Rosa, Monte, Enrique, Nicolás, Carlos. 2019- Trichoderma harzi-anum favours the access of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to non-host Brassicaceae roots and increases plant productivity. Scientific reports. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48269-z
Daniel C. Schlatter, Jeremy C. Hansen, William F. Schillinger, Tarah S. Sullivan, Timothy C. Paulitz. Common and unique rhizosphere microbial communities of wheat and canola in a semiarid Mediterranean environment. Applied Soil Ecology,Vol 144, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2019.07.010
Farrow, B., S. Sharma, J. W. Jones, J. Lofton, A. Post, and J. G. Warren. 2019. Residue Man-agement Impacts on Winter Canola in the Southern Great Plains. Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Management 5:190007. https://doi.org/10.2134/cftm2019.01.0007
Mazzilli, S. R., and O. R. Ernst. 2019. Rapeseed-to-Wheat Yield Ratio in Different Production Environments and Effects on Subsequent Summer Crops Yields. Agrosystems, Geosci-ences & Environment 2:190017. https://doi.org/10.2134/age2019.03.0017
Dessislava Ganeva, Eugenia Roumenina, Georgi Jelev, Marin Banov, Veneta Krasteva, and Victor Kolchakov "Applicability of parametric and nonparametric regression models for retrieval of crop canopy parameters for winter rapeseed and wheat crops using Senti-nel-2 multispectral data", Proc. SPIE 11174, Seventh International Conference on Re-mote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2019), 111740J (27 June 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2533651
Stamm, M. J.; Dooley, S. J.; and Roozeboom, K. L. (2019) "Harvest Method, Cultivar, and Time of Swathing Effects on Yield and Oil Content of Winter Canola," Kansas Agricul-tural Experiment Station Research Reports: Vol. 5: Iss. 6. https://doi.org/10.4148/2378-5977.7796
Askew, M., Cahoon, C., Flessner, M., VanGessel, M., Langston, D., & Ferebee, J. (2019). Chemical termination of cover crop rapeseed. Weed Technology, 33(5), 686-692. https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.2019.50
Cylia Haddad. Effet d’un apport de Silicium sur la senescence foliaire et les per-formances agronomiques du colza. Sciences agricoles. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. (in French and English) https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02159553/document (effect of Silicon supply on Leaf Senescence and agronomic per-formances of rapeseed)
Brown, Caroline Hannah. Secondary Dormancy of a Diverse Collection of An-nual Brassica napus L. Genotypes and the Relationship with Seed Germination, Vigour and Quality Traits. University of Saskatchewan. http://hdl.handle.net/10388/12364
PROCESSING and USES
Rokosik, Ewa, Krzysztof Dwiecki, and Aleksander Siger. "The quality of cold-pressed rape-seed oil obtained from seeds of Brassica napus L. with increased moisture content." Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technologia Alimentaria 18.2 (2019): 205-218. https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFS.2019.0672
Jing Yan, William M.D. Wright, James A. O'Mahony, Yrjö Roos, Eric Cuijpers, Saskia M. van Ruth. A sound approach: Exploring a rapid and non-destructive ultrasonic pulse echo system for vegetable oils characterization. Food Research International, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108552
Tomasz Wasilewski, Yong-Qiang Sun, Wiesław Hreczuch, Artur Seweryn, and Tomasz Bujak (2019). Evaluation of Ethoxylated Rapeseed Oil Fatty Acids Methyl Esters as Nonionic Co-Surfactants in Hand Dishwashing Liquids. Tenside Surfactants Detergents: Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 279-286. https://doi.org/10.3139/113.110630
Yang, R.; Deng, L.; Zhang, L.; Yue, X.; Mao, J.; Ma, F.; Wang, X.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, W.; Li, P. Comparative Metabolomic Analysis of Rapeseeds from Three Countries. Metabolites 2019, 9, 161. Jul 2019 https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo9080161
Qingzhi Ding, Ricardo A. Wu, Litao Yin, Weiwei Zhang, Ronghai He, Ting Zhang, Hanfei Jiang, Lin Luo, Haile Ma, Chunhua Dai. Antioxidation and memory protection effects of solid‐state‐fermented rapeseed meal peptides on D‐galactose‐induced memory impair-ment in aging‐mice. Food Processing Engineering 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.13145
DEKKERS, Kirsten. Process design for sustainable extraction of rapeseed protein mixtures. BSc thesis Wagueningen Univ. 2018. http://edepot.wur.nl/455358
Xiaoshan Hou, Chunhua Dai, Yingxiu Tang, Zheng Xing, Benjamin Kumah Mintah, Mokhtar Dabbour, Qingzhi Ding, Ronghai He, Haile Ma. Thermophilic solid-state fermentation of rapeseed meal and analysis of microbial community diversity. LWT,Volume 116,2019,. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2019.108520
Rong He, Caixia Dai, Yang Li, Zhigao Wang, Qun Li, Cheng Zhang, Xingrong Ju, Jian Yuan. Ef-fects of Succinylation on the Physicochemical Properties and Structural Characteristics of Edible Rapeseed Protein Isolate Films. JAOCS 2019. https://doi.org/10.1002/aocs.12264
Salah, K., Olkhovatov, E.A. & Aïder, M. Effect of canola proteins on rice flour bread and mathematical modelling of the baking process. J Food Sci Technol (2019) 56: 3744. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03842-2
Raquel Razzera Huerta, Marleny D.A. Saldaña. Sequential treatment with pressurized fluid processing and ultrasonication for biorefinery of canola straw towards lignocellulosic nanofiber production. Industrial Crops and Products,Vol139, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.111521
A Drażbo, K Kozłowski, K Ognik, A Zaworska, J Jankowski, The effect of raw and fermented rapeseed cake on growth performance, carcass traits, and breast meat quality in tur-key, Poultry Science, , pez322, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez322
Chen Hong, Peng Ling , Pérez de Nanclares Marta, Trudeau Michaela P., Yao Dan, Cheng Zaixing, Urriola Pedro E. , Mydland Liv Torunn, Shurson Gerald C. , Overland Mar-gareth and Chen Chi. Identification of Sinapine-Derived Choline from a Rapeseed Dietas a Source of Serum Trimethylamine N-Oxide in Pigs. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2019, https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b02950
Adrijana Skugor, Nils Petter Kjos, Arvind Y. M. Sundaram, Liv Torunn Mydland, Ragnhild Ånestad, Anne-Helene Tauson, Margareth Øverland. Effects of long-term feeding of rapeseed meal on skeletal muscle transcriptome, production efficiency and meat quali-ty traits in Norwegian Landrace growing-finishing pigs. PLOS One Aug2019, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220441
Anna Martin, Raffael Osen, Alexander Greiling, Heike Petra Karbstein, Azad Emin. Effect of rapeseed press cake and peel on the extruder response and physical pellet quality in extruded fish feed. Aquaculture, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734316
Aas, Turid Synnøve; Ytrestøyl, Trine; Åsgård, Torbjørn Einar. Resource utilization of Norwe-gian salmon farming in 2016 – Professional final report. (Norvegian, English summary) http://hdl.handle.net/11250/2608436
Stephen Zettl, Duncan Cree, Majid Soleimani & Lope Tabil | Fatih Yildiz (Reviewing editor) (2019) Mechanical properties of aquaculture feed pellets using plant-based proteins, Cogent Food & Agriculture, 5:1, https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2019.1656917
ECONOMY and MARKET
Deepayan Debnath, Jarrett Whistance, Patrick Westhoff, Mike Helmar, Chapter 9 - Conse-quences of US and EU biodiesel policies on global food security. Editor(s): Deepayan Debnath, Suresh Chandra Babu. Biofuels, Bioenergy and Food Security, Academic Press, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803954-0.00009-7
Mariusz Hamulczuk, Oksana Makarchuk, Edgardo Sica – Price Behaviour and Market Inte-gration: Preliminary Evidence from the Ukrainian and European Union Rapeseed Mar-kets. Scientific Journal Warsaw University of Life Sciences Problems of World Agricul-ture volume 19 (XXXIV), number 1, 2019: 47–58 https://doi.org/10.22630/PRS.2019.19.1.4
Karpavičienė, Birutė, Nijolė Maršalkienė, and Liuda Žilėnaitė. "Seed composition of different Camelina sativa and Crambe abyssinica cultivars." 26th NJF Congress: Agriculture for the Next 100 Years, 27-29 June, 2018 Kaunas r. Lithuania: Programme and Summaries of Presentations. Akademija, 2018. 2018. https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/92459
Rathore, S. S., Shekhawat, K. A., Singh, R. K., Updhyay, P. K., Shekhawat, R., & Premi, O. P. (2019). Effect of nano-particles on growth, productivity, profitability of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) under semi-arid conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 89(7), 85-90
Etienne Pilorgé, Francis Flénet, Alain Quinsac, Xavier Pinochet. From one rapeseed congress to another: what research for which issues, A review of the Saskatoon 2015 conference in the perspective of Berlin 2019. OCL 2019, 26, 30. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019026
“The small EU rapeseed crop and firm forward prices drove up producer prices for rapeseed considerably. Also, feedstock demand from oil mills picked up over the past weeks. At the beginning of the 2019/20 marketing year, farm rapeseed prices climbed sharply. The rise was due to the small rapeseed harvest in Germany and the EU in 2019. At the beginning of July, prices were at EUR 354 per tonne. At the end of August, they already surpassed the mark of EUR 360 per tonne and most recently, they hit EUR 367 per tonne. In other words, rapeseed prices were up EUR 14 per tonne from the previous year and even EUR 20 per tonne from 2017.”
This information may be completed by another one reported by the US Canola Association: “Growers in Canada are allocating more land for barley, corn, dry peas, lentils and oats and fewer acres for canola, wheat, and soybeans in 2019, according to Statistics Canada.” See: https://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/canadian-farmers-expect-to-plant-fewer-canola-seeds-amid-ongoing-china-row-1.4483390. According to the Field Crops survey of Statistics Canada published in June, based on information on field crop seeded areas in Quebec, Ontario, Man-itoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta from May 14 to June 11, farmers reported planting 21 mil-lion acres of canola in 2019, which is down 8 per cent from 2018. The decrease was attribut-ed to lower prices for canola this year thanks, in part, to China’s ban on canola imports from Canada and high global supply of oilseeds, Statistics Canada said.
• France: a new methodology to monitor resistances to insecticides Terres Inovia Crop Protection and Genetics Laboratory informs about a new methodology facilitating the monitoring of resistances to insecticides, after a presentation made during the 15th IRC in Berlin. Terres Inovia presented an overview of the situation of resistances to pyrethroids insecti-cides in France. Data produced since 2013 show populations of cabbage stem flea beetle (Psylliodes chrysocephala) and rape winter stem weevils (Ceutorhynchus picitarsis) with sig-nificant decreases in sensitivity extend on French territory. Results obtained in laboratory reveal a good correlation between pyrethroid sensitivity of these 2 insects’ species and mutations in sodium channel gene M918L (skdr) for cabbagestem flea beetle, and L1014F (kdr) for rape winter stem weevil. These genotyping were car-ried out thanks to a method developed in the crop protection and genetics laboratory of Terres Inovia. This is based on a SANGER sequencing technique and can also detect muta-tions responsible for resistances referenced in other insects (L925I and T929N).
This is a significant advance as this approach has improved resistance monitoring by increas-ing sampling. Indeed, characterization of sensitivity by genotyping requires only about 20 individuals (adults or larvae) whereas phenotyping analysis requires a minimum sampling of 250 fully active individuals, which represents often a restraint on analysis. Resistance levels and understanding of the mechanisms involved are a necessity to effective-ly advise farmers. They make it possible to avoid unnecessary treatments in areas where efficacy of pyrethroids is poor, and to maintain acceptable levels of resistance through a suitable alternation of insecticides strategy in populations where mutations are not fixed. Terres Inovia is pursuing these analyzes and has extended the method to other species of beetle insects. For more information, visit Terres Inovia's website. Contact: Julien Carpezat: j.carpezat(at)terresinovia.fr
Nov. 7, 2019. 13th Annual Canola Research Conference. Fargo, N.D. USA, North Dakota State University. Canola researchers from the region will present their 2019 findings.
Nov 13–14, 2019. The Canola Discovery Forum. Winnipeg, MB, Canada. This forum, hosted by the Canola Council of Canada, focusses on Integrated Pest Management innovations and strategies to sustainably improve canola production. http://canoladiscoveryforum.ca
We invite you to share information with the rapeseed/canola community: let us know the scientific projects, events organized in your country, crop performances or any information of interest in rapeseed/canola R&D. Contact GCIRC News: Etienne Pilorgé, GCIRC Secretary-Treasurer: e.pilorge(at)terresinovia.fr Contact GCIRC: contact(at)gcirc.org
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