GCIRC Association

Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola

NEWSLETTER 8, September 2020

Despite the prevailing Corona virus COVID 19, we still expect that the next GCIRC Technical Meeting (TM) will be organized and held in 2021.

Table of contents


Activity/ News of the association:
Proceedings of Berlin Congress online
GCIRC Technical Meeting 2021
Welcome to New GCIRC members

Value chains and regional news

Scientific news, publications
MUSTARD and Other Brassicae

Upcoming International and national events



Despite the prevailing Corona virus COVID 19, we still expect that the next GCIRC Technical Meeting (TM) will be organized and held in 2021 by our Polish colleagues headed by Prof. Dr Iwona Bartkowiak-Broda (see below). We plan to provide the most important information on the program plan and venue in the next month or two (see Newsletter n°9).

Lasting Covid pandemics and changed work habits with extended use of telework and web-conferences may help to promote continuous interactions necessary to facilitate the preparation of “on site events” such as the TM 2021.

At this time, we want to inform you that the two main topics for TM 2021 will be sustainable insect management and improvement and use of rapeseed proteins. As usual, ample time will be made available for presenting current work and results from all other topics related to the GCIRC research area.

We have in mind to strengthen the role of the GCIRC Committees in structuring and presenting research relevant for the improvement and broader use of rapeseed on a broader scale (further details will be introduced in the next newsletter n°9).

We are happy to announce that a couple of respected international experts have joined GCIRC since the IRC 2019. To further improve the visibility of GCIRC and extend its membership, we kindly ask you to advertise for our community and the recruitment for new members, strengthening the power and impact of GCIRC in the scientific world and whole rapeseed community.


The GCIRC Executive Board


Activity/ News of the association:

Proceedings of Berlin Congress online

The proceedings (abstracts and available presentations and posters) of the 15th IRC in Berlin, 2019, are now available to GCIRC members.

You can still send your presentations slides or posters, as pdf files, to contact(at)gcirc.org .

GCIRC Technical Meeting 2021

The next GCIRC Technical meeting is scheduled May17-21, 2021 in Poznan, Poland. Two main topics for the future of the rapeseed/canola competitiveness will be highlighted: Sustainable Insect Pest Control, and Valuable Vegetable Proteins from Rapeseed.

Contact data of the meeting organizers: Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, National Research Institute (IHAR-PIB), ul. Strzeszyńska 36, 60-479 Poznań (Poland), phone: +48 61 8233 721, e-mail: I.Bartkowiak-Broda(at)ihar.edu.pl, http://www.ihar.poznan.pl/

Welcome to New GCIRC members

Welcome to the new members who joined GCIRC since our last newsletter in April:






Patrick CARRE



April 2020




June 2020

Christer PERSSON

Jerrestad Agro AB


June 2020


Agro Innovation International


July 2020


Canola Council of Canada


August 2020

Christian JUNG

University of Kiel


August 2020

You may visit their personal page on the GCIRC website directory, to better know their fields of interest.

We take this opportunity to remind all members that they can modify their personal page, especially indicating their fields of interest, in order to facilitate interactions.


Value chains and regional news


  • 2020 yields and production

In European Union, the 2020 rapeseed yield is expected to reach 2,97t/ha, almost 4% below the 5 years average. Main producing countries show depleted yields due to climate conditions ( -3,5% in Germany, -8,5% in France), excepted Poland with + 2,8%.  UK also showed yields below the average (-5,5%).  Yields were generally good in Northern Europe.  COCERAL estimated the total European production at 16,960 Mt, like 2019 production (Coceral August 2020 estimates, for EU27+UK).

In Ukraine, yields for rapeseed and winter crops in general are well below the historical trend, with a drop of -1 Mt to 2.5 Mt in rapeseed production being expected in 2020.

In Canada, according to Agriculture Agri Food Canada, seeded area in Canada was estimated by Statistics Canada to have fallen marginally to 8.4 million hectares (Mha), as farmers shifted into wheat and coarse grains away from oilseeds. AAFC forecasts a harvested area of 8.3 Mha for canola. Yields are projected at 2.27 tons per hectare (t/ha), up marginally based on 5-year average yields. The yield estimates were supported by generally good growing conditions across the key growing regions although the maturing crop was stressed by hot and dry weather, leading to some premature ripening.

In Australia, the production is expected to return close to the 10-year average to 2018–19, reflecting the forecast increase in planted area and an expected increase in yields. Latest production estimate of ABARES was very positive with the forecast of an Australian canola production at 3.42 Mt against 2.43 Mt last year.

See table and map on PDF file.

Source: MARS Bulletin July 2020 https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/sites/jrcsh/files/jrc-mars-bulletin-vol28-no7.pdf

In India, in the newsletter Globoil Post, dated Aug 23, 2020, GG Patel, Chairman of the oil industry GGN Group gives a guesstimate of Rabi Rapeseed crop at 78 Lac tons (7,8Mt) against previous year’s 73 Lac tons (7,3MTt. Looking at good prices and above average rainfall).

In China, USDA global market analysis (Aug 2020) forecasted a stable production of rapeseed at 13,2Mt for 6,65Mha.  


  • Europe: Avril and DSM sign an alliance in rapeseed protein for human consumption

Avril, a French industrial and financial player in vegetable oils and proteins, and Royal DSM, a Dutch nutrition and health specialist, announced on July 15 that they had finalized an alliance in rapeseed protein for human consumption. This project, on the industrial site of Dieppe (France), aims at the production and marketing of rapeseed protein isolate via a joint company, OLATEIN, owned by Avril (25%) and DSM (75%). Work is scheduled for the summer to start production "in the first quarter of 2022". This new activity offers "alternatives to meat and dairy products", underlined the president of DSM Food Specialties Patrick Niels, quoted in a press release.

Avril will thus provide OLATEIN with the raw material for extraction: non-GMO fatty meals, rich in proteins, from the new crushing unit that will be created on the site. The last component of this alliance, a biomethane production unit which will help supply the local public network and reduce the site's environmental footprint.


  • Europe: Safety of rapeseed powder from Brassica rapa L. and Brassica napus L. as a Novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) delivered an opinion on the safety of rapeseed powder from Brassica rapa L. and Brassica napus L. as a novel food (NF). The product comes from the seeds of non‐genetically modified double low (00) cultivars, processed to reduce the content of glucosinolates and other undesirable compounds like phytates. See: https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6197


  • Europe: Statement complementing the EFSA Scientific Opinion on application (EFSA‐GMO‐NL‐2009‐75) for placing on the market of genetically modified oilseed rape Ms8 × Rf3 × GT73 and sub combinations, which have not been authorized previously

Following an application of Monsanto, the EFSA European Food Safety Authority published the conclusions of the experts Panel on GMOs regarding the extension of the risk assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape Ms8× Rf3× GT 73 to its sub combinations for feed and food uses import and processing, with the exception of isolated seed protein for food. “The GMO Panel concludes that food and feed containing, consisting, and produced from genetically modified oilseed rape Ms8 × Rf3 × GT73 and its sub combinations Ms8 × GT73 and Rf3 × GT73, are as safe as its conventional counterpart.

See: EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens, 2020.  Safety of rapeseed powder from Brassica rapa L. and Brassica napus L. as a Novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 (NDA) https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6200


  • Canada: new GMO Canola for long chain Omega 3

Reported by Canola Quick Bytes(https://www.uscanola.com/newsletter/canola-quick-bytes-september-2020/ ):  A new genetically modified canolavariety producing long-chain omega-3 oil has been developed by Nuseed as an alternative to fish oil in aquafeed and approved to be grown and consumed by humans and fish in Canada.


  • A new PCR test to detect GMO obtained by genome editing (sources: AFP, Foods)

Debates regarding the regulatory status of genome-edited crops, recognized as a GMOs by the Court of Justice of the EU, has focused on precision of editing and doubts regarding the feasibility of analytical monitoring compliant with existing GMO regulations, since until now there was no proper analytical methods.

A consortium led by the Health Research Institute (Iowa, United States) has developed a new process to detect this kind of new generation GMO, on the first variety of canola designed by genome editing by the American firm Cibus and commercialized in North America. The study, published in the scientific journal Foods describes a real-time molecular PCR test, like those used in laboratories to monitor "classic" GMOs. It was funded by NGOs such as Greenpeace, associations, and SPAR, the main retail chain in Austria.  

This new process will allow the EU to enforce its GMO regulations and "GMO-free" certification bodies to ensure that products do not contain GMOs. According to Yves Bertheau, specialist in GMOs at Inrae (France), the new test "is operational, it will be able to be used at no additional cost by control laboratories and fraud repression services".

See: Chhalliyil, P.; Ilves, H.; Kazakov, S.A.; Howard, S.J.; Johnston, B.H.; Fagan, J. A Real-Time Quantitative PCR Method Specific for Detection and Quantification of the First Commercialized Genome-Edited Plant. Foods 2020, 9, 1245.  https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091245


  • USA: Lesquerella seen as bioethanol source by USDA-ARS

Lesquerella (a.k.a. Fendler's bladderpod and Yellow Top) is a member of the mustard family that's native to the U.S. Southwest. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists are now eyeing it as a home-grown source of butanol. See: https://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDAARS/bulletins/29a1921


Scientific news, publications


Lee, H., Chawla, H. S., Obermeier, C., Dreyer, F., Abbadi, A., & Snowdon, R. (2020). Chromosome-scale assembly of winter oilseed rape Brassica napus. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 496. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00496

Rousseau-Gueutin, M., Belser, C., Da Silva, C., Richard, G., Istace, B., Cruaud, C., ... & Deniot, G. (2020). Long-reads assembly of the Brassica napus reference genome, Darmor-bzh. bioRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.22.215749

Yun DONG, Yi WANG, Feng-wei JIN, Li-juan XING, Yan FANG, Zheng-ying ZHANG, Jun-jie ZOU, Lei WANG, Miao-yun XU,. Differentially expressed miRNAs in anthers may contribute to the fertility of a novel Brassica napusgenic male sterile line CN12A, Journal of Integrative Agriculture https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(19)62780-2

Wang, T., Guo, Y., Wu, Z., Xia, S., Hua, S., Tu, J., ... & Chen, W. (2020). Genetic characterization of a new radish introgression line carrying the restorer gene for Ogura CMS in Brassica napus. PloS one, 15(7), e0236273. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236273

Zhang, X., Chen, H., Zhang, Q. et al. Cytological and genetic characterisation of dominant GMS line Shaan-GMS in Brassica napus L.. J Appl Genetics (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13353-020-00570-8

Xin, Q., Wang, X., Gao, Y., Xu, D., Xie, Z., Dong, F., ... & Hong, D. (2020). Molecular mechanisms underpinning the multiallelic inheritance of MS5 in Brassica napus. The Plant Journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14857 (male fertility)

Jankulovska, M., Ivanovska, S., Marjanović-Jeromela, A., Miladinović, D., Kuzmanovska, B., & Rajković, D. (2020). Predicting heterosis and f1 performance in spring rapeseed (Brassica napus L.): Genetic distance based on molecular or phenotypic data? Genetika, 52(2), 661-672. https://doi.org/10.2298/GENSR2002661J

Gubaev, R., Gorlova, L., Boldyrev, S., Goryunova, S., Goruynov, D., Mazin, P., ... & Khaitovich, P. (2020). Genetic Characterization of Russian Rapeseed Collection and Association Mapping of Novel Loci Affecting Glucosinolate Content. Genes, 11(8), 926. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11080926Zhou, T., Yue, C. P., Huang, J. Y., Cui, J. Q., Liu, Y., Wang, W. M., ... & Hua, Y. P. (2020). Genome-wide identification of the amino acid permease genes and molecular characterization of their transcriptional responses to various nutrient stresses in allotetraploid rapeseed. BMC plant biology, 20, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-020-02367-7

Zhu, W., Wu, D., Jiang, L., & Ye, L. (2020). Genome-wide identification and characterization of SnRK family genes in Brassica napus.https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-17109/v2

Liu, J., Ma, J., Lin, A., Zhang, C., Yang, B. et al. (2020). Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Profiling Suggest that Invertase Genes Function in Silique Development and the Response to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in Brassica napus. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 89(2), 253–273. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.09334

Yadav, R., Nanjundan, J., Gupta, A. K., Rao, M., Akhtar, J., Rana, J. C., ... & Singh, K. (2020). Novel Source of Biotic Stress Resistance Identified from Brassica Species and its Wild Relatives. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute Proceedings, 36(1), 195. https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019036195

Wu, J., Yan, G., Duan, Z., Wang, Z., Kang, C., Guo, L., ... & Fu, T. (2020). Roles of the Brassica napus DELLA Protein BnaA6. RGA, in Modulating Drought Tolerance by Interacting With the ABA Signaling Component BnaA10. ABF2. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 577. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00577

Khanzada, H., Wassan, G. M., He, H., Mason, A. S., Keerio, A. A., Khanzada, S., ... & Huang, Y. (2020). Differentially evolved drought stress indices determine the genetic variation of Brassica napus at seedling traits by genome-wide association mapping. Journal of Advanced Research, 24, 447-461.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2020.05.019  

Liu, L., Ding, Q., Liu, J., Yang, C., Chen, H., Zhang, S., ... & Wang, D. (2020). Brassica napus COL transcription factor BnCOL2 negatively affects the tolerance of transgenic Arabidopsis to drought stress. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 178, 104171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2020.104171

Ali, A. A., Aboulila, A. A., & Raslan, R. H. (2020). In vitro selection and genetic improvement of drought tolerance in cano-la (Brassica napus) using biochemical and molecular analyses. Egyptian Journal of Genetics And Cytology, 48(2). http://journal.esg.net.eg/index.php/EJGC/article/view/312

Huang Y, Hussain MA, Luo D, Xu H, Zeng C, Havlickova L, Bancroft I, Tian Z, Zhang X, Cheng Y, Zou X, Lu G and Lv Y (2020) A Brassica napus Reductase Gene Dissected by Associative Transcriptomics Enhances Plant Adaption to Freezing Stress. Front. Plant Sci. 11:971. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00971

Gao, H., Ye, S., Wu, J. et al. Genome-wide association analysis of aluminum tolerance related traits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) during germination. Genet Resour Crop Evol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-00989-2

Dong, X., Liu, Z., Mi, W., Xu, C., Xu, M., Zhou, Y., ... & Mi, C. (2020). Overexpression of BrAFP1 gene from winter rapeseed (Brassica rapa) confers cold tolerance in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2020.07.011

Qiao, C., Yang, J., Wan, Y., Xiang, S., Guan, M., Du, H., ... & Qu, C. (2020). A Genome-Wide Survey of MATE Transporters in Brassicaceae and Unveiling Their Expression Profiles under Abiotic Stress in Rapeseed. Plants, 9(9), 1072. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091072

Ghorbani, R., Zakipour, Z., Alemzadeh, A. et al. Genome-wide analysis of AP2/ERF transcription factors family in Brassica napus. Physiol Mol Biol Plants 26, 1463–1476 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-020-00832-z

PREPRINT: Zhu, W., Guo, Y., Chen, Y., Wu, D., & Jiang, L. (2020). Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of GATA Family Genes in Brassica Napus.https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-30607/v1

Jiang, J., Liao, X., Jin, X., Tan, L., Lu, Q., Yuan, C., ... & Chai, Y. (2020). MYB43 in Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) Positively Regulates Vascular Lignification, Plant Morphology and Yield Potential but Negatively Affects Resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Genes, 11(5), 581.  https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11050581

Li, H., Feng, H., Guo, C., Yang, S., Huang, W., Xiong, X., ... & Liu, K. (2020). High‐throughput phenotyping accelerates the dissection of the dynamic genetic architecture of plant growth and yield improvement in rapeseed. Plant Biotechnology Journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13396

Shuai Yin, Ming Wan, Chaocheng Guo, Bo Wang, Haitao Li, Ge Li, Yanyong Tian, Xianhong Ge, Graham J King, Kede Liu, Zaiyun Li, Jing Wang, Transposon insertions within alleles of BnaFLC.A10 and BnaFLC.A2 are associated with seasonal crop type in rapeseed, Journal of Experimental Botany, Volume 71, Issue 16, 6 August 2020, Pages 4729–4741, https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa237

Shen S, Sun F, Zhu M, Chen S, Guan M, Chen R, et al. (2020) Genome-wide identification AINTEGUMENTA-like (AIL) genes in Brassica species and expression patterns during reproductive development in Brassica napus L. PLoS ONE 15(6): e0234411. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234411

Wang, T., Wei, L., Wang, J. et al. Integrating GWAS, linkage mapping and gene expression analyses reveals the genetic control of growth period traits in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Biotechnol Biofuels 13, 134 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13068-020-01774-0

Knoch, D. (2020). Growth-related systems genetics analyses and hybrid performance prediction in canola. (Doctoral thesis) http://dx.doi.org/10.25673/33000

Cui, X., Zhao, P., Liang, W., Cheng, Q., Mu, B., Niu, F., ... & Deyholos, M. K. (2020). A Rapeseed WRKY Transcription Factor Phosphorylated by CPK Modulates Cell Death and Leaf Senescence by Regulating the Expression of ROS and SA-Synthesis-Related Genes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 68(28), 7348-7359. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c02500

Zhang, L.; Zhang, C.; Yang, B.; Xiao, Z.; Ma, J.; Liu, J.; Jian, H.; Qu, C.; Lu, K.; Li, J. Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Profiling of Monosaccharide Transporter Genes Associated with High Harvest Index Values in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Genes 2020, 11, 653.  https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11060653

Hu, L., Zhang, H., Sun, Y., Shen, X., Amoo, O., Wang, Y., ... & Zhou, Y. (2020). BnA10. RCO, a homeobox gene, positively regulates leaf lobe formation in Brassica napus L. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03672-3

Khan, M. H., Hu, L., Zhu, M., Zhai, Y., Khan, S. U., Ahmar, S., ... & Zhou, Y. Targeted mutagenesis of EOD3 gene in Brassica napus L. regulates seed production. Journal of Cellular Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29986

O’Leary, B. M. (2020). Breaking the Mold: Reduced Protein Storage in Brassica napus Seed Triggers Unexpected Structural Changes. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.20.00356

Liu, Y., Ye, S., Yuan, G., Ma, X., Heng, S., Yi, B., ... & Wen, J. Gene Silencing of BnaA09. ZEP and BnaC09. ZEP Confers Orange Color in Brassica napus Flowers. The Plant Journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14970

Chen, D., Liu, Y., Yin, S., Qiu, J., Jin, Q., King, G. J., ... & Li, Z. (2020). Alternatively Spliced BnaPAP2. A7 Isoforms Play Opposing Roles in Anthocyanin Biosynthesis of Brassica napus L. Front. Plant Sci. 11: 983. doi: 10.3389/fpls. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00983

Guo, Y., Cheng, L., Long, W. et al. Synergistic mutations of two rapeseed AHAS genes confer high resistance to sulfonylurea herbicides for weed control. Theor Appl Genet (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03633-w

Pröbsting, M., Schenke, D., Hossain, R., Häder, C., Thurau, T., Wighardt, L., ... & Leckband, G. (2020). Loss‐of‐function of CRT1a (Calreticulin) reduces plant susceptibility to Verticillium longisporum in both Arabidopsis thaliana and oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Plant biotechnology journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13394

Gong, Q., Dai, C. Y., Zhang, X. H., Wang, X. L., Huang, Z., Xu, A. X., ... & Yu, C. Y. (2020). Towards breeding of rapeseed (Brassica napus) with alien cytoplasm and powdery mildew resistance from Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata). Breeding Science, 20017.  https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.20017

Pathak, R.K., Baunthiyal, M., Pandey, D. et al. Computational analysis of microarray data of Arabidopsis thaliana challenged with Alternaria brassicicola for identification of key genes in Brassica. J Genet Eng Biotechnol 18, 17 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43141-020-00032-y

Hubbard, M., Zhai, C., & Peng, G. (2020). Exploring Mechanisms of Quantitative Resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans (Blackleg) in the Cotyledons of Canola (Brassica napus) Based on Transcriptomic and Microscopic Analyses. Plants, 9(7), 864. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9070864

Fu, F., Zhang, X., Liu, F. et al. Identification of resistance loci in Chinese and Canadian canola/rapeseed varieties against Leptosphaeria maculans based on genome-wide association studies. BMC Genomics 21, 501 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-020-06893-4

Raman, H., McVittie, B., Pirathiban, R., Raman, R., Zhang, Y., Barbulescu, D. M., ... & Cullis, B. (2020). Genome-Wide Association Mapping Identifies Novel Loci for Quantitative Resistance toBlackleg Disease in Canola. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 1184. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.01184

Tirnaz, S., Merce, C., Bayer, P. E., Severn-Ellis, A. A., Edwards, D., & Batley, J. (2020). Effect of Leptosphaeria maculans Infection on Promoter DNA Methylation of Defence Genes in Brassica napus. Agronomy, 10(8), 1072. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081072

Zou, Z., Liu, F., Huang, S., & Fernando, D. G. (2020). Genome-Wide Identification and Analysis of VQ Motif-containing Gene Family in Brassica napus and Functional Characterization of BnMKS1 in Response to Leptosphaeria maculans. Phytopathology, (ja). https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-04-20-0134-R

PREPRINT: Chen, Q., Peng, G., Kutcher, R., & Yu, F. (2020). Identification of Genome-Wide DNA Variants and SNP Haplotypes Associated with Avirulence Genes of Leptosphaeria Maculans in Western Canada. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-24766/v1

Zhou, Q., Galindo-González, L., Hwang, S. F., & Strelkov, S. E. (2020). Application of genomics and transcriptomics to accelerate development of clubroot resistant canola. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2020.1794541

Jiang, J. (2020). Studies of pathogenicity in Plasmodiophora brassicae and segregation of clubroot resistance genes from Brassica rapa subsp. rapifera.(doctoral dissertation)  https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-yqpk-fe81

Ma, J. Q., Xu, W., Xu, F., Lin, A., Sun, W., Jiang, H. H., ... & Wei, L. J. (2020). Differential Alternative Splicing Genes and Isoform Regulation Networks of Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Infected with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Genes, 11(7), 784. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11070784

Tao Xie, Xin Chen, Tuli Guo, Hao Rong, Ziyi Chen, Qinfu Sun, Jacqueline Batley, Jinjin Jiang, and Youping Wang. Targeted Knockout of BnTT2 Homologues for Yellow-Seeded Brassica napus with Reduced Flavonoids and Improved Fatty Acid Composition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2020 68 (20), 5676-5690 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c01126

Lin, A., Ma, J., Xu, F., Xu, W., Jiang, H., Zhang, H., ... & Li, J. (2020). Differences in Alternative Splicing between Yellow and Black-Seeded Rapeseed. Plants, 9(8), 977. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9080977

PREPRINT : Huang, Z., Wang, Y., Lu, H., Liu, X., Liu, L., & Xu, A. (2020). Mapping and identification of yellow seed coat color genes in Brassica juncea Lhttps://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-25889/v1

Rahman, M., Baten, A., Mauleon, R., King, G. J., Liu, L., & Barkla, B. J. (2020). Identification, characterization and epitope mapping of proteins encoded by putative allergenic napin genes from Brassica rapa. Clinical & Experimental Allergy. https://doi.org/10.1111/cea.13612

Pedige, D., & Nirosha, L. (2020). Functional analysis and mutagenesis of GDSL lipase genes for breeding oilseed rape (Brassica napus) with higher oil content (Doctoral dissertation summary). https://macau.uni-kiel.de/receive/macau_mods_00000521

Huang, H., Cui, T., Zhang, L. et al. Modifications of fatty acid profile through targeted mutation at BnaFAD2 gene with CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in Brassica napus. Theor Appl Genet 133, 2401–2411 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03607-y

Spasibionek, S., Mikołajczyk, K., Ćwiek–Kupczyńska, H., Piętka, T., Krótka, K., Matuszczak, M., ... & Bartkowiak-Broda, I. (2020). Marker assisted selection of new high oleic and low linolenic winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) inbred lines revealing good agricultural value. PloS one, 15(6), e0233959. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233959

Niemann, J., Bocianowski, J., Stuper-Szablewska, K., & Wojciechowski, T. (2020). New Interspecific Brassica Hybrids with High Levels of Heterosis for Fatty Acids Composition. Agriculture, 10(6), 221. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10060221

Petrie, J. R., Zhou, X. R., Leonforte, A., McAllister, J., Shrestha, P., Kennedy, Y., ... & Lester, G. (2020). Development of a Brassica napus (Canola) Crop Containing Fish Oil-Like Levels of DHA in the Seed Oil. Frontiers in plant science, 11, 727. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00727

Xu, Y., Mietkiewska, E., Shah, S., Weselake, R. J., & Chen, G. (2020). Punicic acid production in Brassica napus. Metabolic Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymben.2020.08.011



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Hájek, M., Vávra, A., & Mück, J. (2020). Butanol as a co-solvent for transesterification of rapeseed oil by methanol under homogeneous and heterogeneous catalyst. Fuel, 277, 118239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.118239

Gad, M. S., & Sayed, M. M. (2020). An experimental assessment of performance, emissions and combustion characteristics on a diesel engine burning rapeseed biodiesel blends. Journal of International Society for Science and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.21608/jisse.2020.28206.1025

Fridrihsone, A., Romagnoli, F., Kirsanovs, V., & Cabulis, U. (2020). Life Cycle Assessment of vegetable oil-based polyols for polyurethane production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 121403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121403

Yao, Y., Liu, C., Xiong, W., Liang, Q., Xuan, P., Zeng, X., ... & Huang, F. (2020). Silicon dioxide as an efficient adsorbent in the degumming of rapeseed oil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 122344.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122344

Łaska-Zieja, B., Golimowski, W., Marcinkowski, D., Niedbała, G., & Wojciechowska, E. (2020). Low-Cost Investment with High Quality Performance. Bleaching Earths for Phosphorus Reduction in the Low-Temperature Bleaching Process of Rapeseed Oil. Foods, 9(5), 603. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050603

Li, Y., Hu, J., Yao, Z., Wang, Q., & Zhang, H. (2020). Transfer assessment of carbendazim residues from rapeseed to oil production determined by HPLC–MS/MS. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, 55(8), 726-731. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601234.2020.1780869

Lacoste, F., Carré, P., Dauguet, S., Petisca, C., Campos, F., Ribera, D., & Roïz, J. (2020). Experimental determination of pesticide processing factors during extraction of seed oils. Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2020.1778188

Xu, Z., Ye, Z., Li, Y., Li, J., & Liu, Y. (2020). Comparative Study of the Oxidation Stability of High Oleic Oils and Palm Oil during Thermal Treatment. Journal of Oleo Science, 69(6), 573-584. https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.ess19307

Yu, X., Yu, L., Ma, F., & Li, P. (2020). Quantification of phenolic compounds in vegetable oils by mixed-mode solid-phase extraction isotope chemical labeling coupled with UHPLC-MS/MS. Food Chemistry, 127572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127572

Xu, Y. J., Jiang, F., Song, J., Yang, X., Shu, N., Yuan, L., ... & Liu, Y. (2020). Understanding of the Role of Pretreatment Methods on Rapeseed Oil from the Perspective of Phenolic Compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c03539

Rokosik, E., Siger, A., Rudzińska, M., & Dwiecki, K. (2020). Antioxidant activity and synergism of canolol and α-tocopherol in rapeseed oil is affected by the presence of phospholipid association colloids. LWT, 110095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2020.110095

Azizi, M., & Ghavami, A. (2020). The Effects of Refining Operations on Quality and Quantity of Sterols in Canola, Soyabean and Sunflower Seed Oils. Journal of Food Biosciences and Technology, 10(2), 11-18. http://jfbt.srbiau.ac.ir/article_15730_3fcce40026697ba783563160a95255f7.pdf

Vetter, W., Darwisch, V., & Lehnert, K. (2020). Erucic acid in Brassicaceae and salmon–An evaluation of the new proposed limits of erucic acid in food. NFS Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118842

Seternes, T., Johansson, G. S., Evje, I., & Olsen, R. L. (2020). The level of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), but not docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), in blood of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) is related to formulation and concentration of EPA or DHA in feed. Aquaculture, 735407.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735407

Riera-Heredia, N., Sánchez-Moya, A., Balbuena-Pecino, S., Fontanillas, R., Gutiérrez, J., Capilla, E., & Navarro, I. (2020). The combination of palm and rapeseed oils emerges as a good dietary alternative for optimal growth and balanced lipid accumulation in juvenile gilthead sea bream reared at an elevated temperature. Aquaculture, 735396.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735396

Álvarez, A., Fontanillas, R., Hernández-Contreras, A., & Hernández, M. D. (2020). Partial replacement of fish oil with vegetal oils in commercial diets: the effect on the quality of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Animal Feed Science and Technology, 114504.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2020.114504

GÓRKA, P., & Penner, G. B. (2020). Rapeseed and canola meal as protein sources in starter diets for calves: current knowledge and directions of future studies. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 67(3), 313-321. https://doi.org/10.33988/auvfd.712730

Benhissi, H., García-Rodríguez, A., & de Heredia, I. B. (2020). The effects of rapeseed cake intake during the finishing period on the fatty-acid composition of the longissimus muscle of Limousin steers and changes in meat colour and lipid oxidation during storage. Animal Production Science, 60(8), 1103-1110. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN19160

Biesek, J., Kuźniacka, J., Banaszak, M., Kaczmarek, S., Adamski, M., Rutkowski, A., ... & Hejdysz, M. (2020). Growth Performance and Carcass Quality in Broiler Chickens Fed on Legume Seeds and Rapeseed Meal. Animals, 10(5), 846.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10050846

Li, Z., Lyu, Z., Liu, H., Liu, D., Jaworski, N., Li, Y., & Lai, C. (2020). Prediction of net energy values in expeller-pressed and solvent-extracted rapeseed meal for growing pigs. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.19.0962

Zmudzińska, A., Bigorowski, B., Banaszak, M., Roślewska, A., Adamski, M., & Hejdysz, M. (2020). The Effect of Diet Based on Legume Seeds and Rapeseed Meal on Pig Performance and Meat Quality. Animals, 10(6), 1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10061084

Oliveira, M. S., Wiltafsky-Martin, M. K., & Stein, H. H. (2020). Excessive heating of 00-rapeseed meal reduces not only amino acid digestibility but also metabolizable energy when fed to growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 98(7), skaa219. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa219  and Ref

Long, C., de Vries, S., & Venema, K. (2020). Differently Pre-treated Rapeseed Meals Affect In vitro Swine Gut Microbiota Composition. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11, 2125. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.570985

Darambazar, E., Damiran, D., & Beaulieu, D. (2020). Evaluation of diets with inclusion of hydrothermal, phytase, and organic acid pretreated canola mealon nutrient digestibility in swine. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 9(2), 41-54. https://doi.org/10.5539/sar.v9n2p41

Abdulrazaq, H. S. (2020). PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE, SOME HEMATOLOGICAL TRAITS AND GENETIC RELATIONSHIP IN DIFFERENT LOCAL QUAIL AFFECTED BY DIETING THE RAPESEED (CANOLA) SEEDS POWDER. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 48(2), 33-49. https://doi.org/10.33899/magrj.2020.126750.1029

Ibrahim, N. S., Sabic, E. M., Abu-Taleb, A. M., & Abdel-Moneim, A. E. (2020). Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Full-Fat Canola Seeds on Productive Performance, Blood Metabolites and Antioxidant Status of Laying Japanese Quails. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 22(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2019-1175

Martins, E. H., Ratuchne, A., de Oliveira Machado, G., & Knob, A. (2020). Canola meal as a promising source of fermentable sugars: Potential of the Penicillium glabrum crude extract for biomass hydrolysis. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 101713. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2020.101713

Pan, M., Xu, F., Wu, Y., Yao, M., Xiao, X., Zhang, N., ... & Wang, L. (2020). Application of ultrasound-assisted physical mixing treatment improves in vitro protein digestibility of rapeseed napin. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 105136.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2020.105136

Arrutia, F., Binner, E., Williams, P., & Waldron, K. W. (2020). Oilseeds beyond oil: Press cakes and meals supplying global protein requirements. Trends in Food Science & Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2020.03.044

Leray, C. (2020). Lipids and Health. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2020018

Zhang, Z., He, S., Liu, H., Sun, X., Ye, Y., Cao, X., ... & Sun, H. (2020). Effect of pH regulation on the components and functional properties of proteins isolated from cold-pressed rapeseed meal through alkaline extraction and acid precipitation. Food Chemistry, 126998. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126998

Chen, C., Zhang, C., Zhang, R., Ju, X., He, R., & Wang, Z. (2020). Enzyme‐catalyzed acylation improves gel properties of rapeseed protein isolate. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10457

Östbring, K., Nilsson, K., Ahlström, C., Fridolfsson, A., & Rayner, M. (2020). Emulsifying and Anti-Oxidative Properties of Proteins Extracted from Industrially Cold-Pressed Rapeseed Press-Cake. Foods, 9(5), 678.  https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9050678

Wu, J., Xu, F., Wu, Y., Xiong, W., Pan, M., Zhang, N., ... & Wang, L. (2020). Characterization and analysis of rapeseed protein isolate stabilized O/W emulsion under pH and ionic stress. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10532

Kalaydzhiev, H., Georgiev, R., Ivanova, P., Stoyanova, M., Silva, C. L., & Chalova, V. I. (2020). Enhanced Solubility of Rapeseed Meal Protein Isolates Prepared by Sequential Isoelectric Precipitation. Foods, 9(6), 703.  https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9060703

Li, Y., Cheng, Y., Zhang, Z., Wang, Y., Mintah, B. K., Dabbour, M., ... & Ma, H. (2020). Modification of rapeseed protein by ultrasound-assisted pH shift treatment: Ultrasonic mode and frequency screening, changes in protein solubility and structural characteristics. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 69, 105240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2020.105240

Kotecka‐Majchrzak, K., Sumara, A., Fornal, E., & Montowska, M. (2020). Proteomic analysis of oilseed cake: a comparative study of species‐specific proteins and peptides extracted from ten seed species. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10643

Bourgeois, C., Couëdelo, L., Subirade, M., & Cansell, M. (2020). Canola Proteins Used as Co‐Emulsifiers with Phospholipids Influence Oil Oxidability, Enzymatic Lipolysis, and Fatty Acid Absorption in Rats. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 2000134. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.202000134

Yang, J., Faber, I., Berton-Carabin, C. C., Nikiforidis, C. V., van der Linden, E., & Sagis, L. M. (2020). Foams and air-water interfaces stabilised by mildly purified rapeseed proteins after defatting. Food Hydrocolloids, 106270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2020.106270

Withana-Gamage, T. S., Hegedus, D. D., McIntosh, T. C., Coutu, C., Qiu, X., & Wanasundara, J. P. (2020). Subunit composition affects formation and stabilization of o/w emulsions by 11S seed storage protein cruciferin. Food Research International, 109387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109387

Jang, B., Lee, M. & Jeong, N. Preparation and availability analysis of glycoprotein from canola meal. J Food Sci Technol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04586-0

Gomaa, W. M., Feng, X., Zhang, H., Zhang, X., Zhang, W., Yan, X., ... & Yu, P. (2020). Application of advanced molecular spectroscopy and modern evaluation techniques in canola molecular structure and nutrition property research. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2020.1798343



Shi, J., Smolders, G. J. F., WILLEMSEN, J. M., VERMUNT, J. H. A. J., & HYLKEMA, N. N. (2020). U.S. Patent Application No. 16/062,797. https://patents.google.com/patent/US20200154732A1/en



Laxmi, S., & Sahu, R. M. (2020). Scenario of major oilseed crops in agro climatic zones of Madhya Pradesh, India. Plant Archives, 20(1), 1543-1549. http://plantarchives.org/20-1/1543-1549%20(5469).pdf

Singh, L., & Bansal, S. (2020). Status of Rapeseed and Mustard crop in India: Trend and Decomposition Analysis. Journal of Krishi Vigyan, 8(2), 279-284. https://doi.org/10.5958/2349-4433.2020.00057.4

Chander, H., & Kumar, G. (2020). An Assessment of Improved Production Technology of Rapeseed Mustard under Rain-fed Agro-ecosystem in Hamirpur District of Himachal Pradesh, India. J. Biol. Chem. Chron, 6(1), 19-23. REFERENCE

Yılmaz, H., & Avkiran, B. (2020). Analysis of canola (rapeseed) production cost and income in context of oilseeds production support policies: A case study from Trakya region of Turkey. Economics of Agriculture, 67(2), 483-493. https://doi.org/10.5937/ekoPolj2002483Y

Dorzheev, A. A., & Sliva, M. E. (2020, August). Current state and development trends of spring rape market in the agricultural sector of Krasnoyarsk krai. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 548, No. 2, p. 022036). IOP Publishing. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/548/2/022036/pdf

Brookes, G., & Barfoot, P. (2020). GM crop technology use 1996-2018: farm income and production impacts. GM Crops & Food, 11(4), 242-261. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645698.2020.1779574


MUSTARD and Other Brassicae

Hotton, S.K.; Kammerzell, M.; Chan, R.; Hernandez, B.T.; Young, H.A.; Tobias, C.; McKeon, T.; Brichta, J.; Thomson, N.J.; Thomson, J.G. Phenotypic Examination of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz Accessions from the USDA-ARS National Genetics Resource Program. Plants 2020, 9, 642. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9050642

Orczewska-Dudek, S., Pietras, M., Puchała, M., & Nowak, J. (2020). Camelina sativa oil and camelina cake as sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diets of laying hens: Effect on hen performance, fatty acid profile of yolk lipids, and egg sensory quality. Annals of Animal Science, 1(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.2478/aoas-2020-0047    

Betancor, M. B., MacEwan, A., Sprague, M., Gong, X., Montero, D., Han, L., ... & Tocher, D. R. (2020). Oil from transgenic Camelina sativa as a source of EPA and DHA in feed for European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Aquaculture, 735759. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735759

Sharma Koirala, P., Neff, M.M. Improving seed size, seed weight and seedling emergence in Camelina sativa by overexpressing the Atsob3-6 gene variant. Transgenic Res 29, 409–418 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11248-020-00208-9

Mandi, S. K., Paramaguru, S., Toppo, R., & Das, D. M. (2020). Productivity Enhancement of Toria through Frontline Demonstration in Gajapati District of Odisha, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 9(5), 1548-1554. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.175

Mahanta, M., & Barua, P. K. (2020). Combining ability, Heterosis and maternal effects for yield and attributing traits in yellow sarson (Brassica rapa L. var. yellow sarson). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(4), 641-646.http://www.phytojournal.com/archives/2020/vol9issue4/PartI/9-4-21-837.pdf

Thakur, A.K., Singh, K.H., Parmar, N. et al. Population structure and genetic diversity as revealed by SSR markers in Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun): a potential edible and industrially important oilseed crop. Genet Resour Crop Evol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-00988-3

Pradhan, P. P., Borkakati, R. N., & Saikia, D. K. (2020). Insect Pests of Mustard and their Natural Enemies in Assam. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 9(7), 2785-2790. REFERENCE


Upcoming International and national events


1-3 December 2020: Canola Week

Canola Week will be held virtually on December 1-3, 2020



17-20 May 2021: GCIRC Technical Meeting, Poznan, Poland.


20-24 June 2021. Industrial crops and products unlocking the potential of bioeconomy

32nd Annual Meeting AAIC Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops. Bologna, Italy. https://www.aaic2020.com/  (initially sept 2020)


4-7 July 2021, Nantes, France ISSFAL Congress International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids (ISSFAL)



25-29 July 2021, SIP 2020, Symposium on Insect-Plant Interactions, Leiden, The Netherlands



September 2021:  Brassica 2020 postponed to 2021:  Brassica 2020+1, Saskatoon, Canada



Beginning of October 2021 IOBC-WPRS Working Group "Integrated Control in Oilseed Crops", Rennes, France. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/events/20200929_IOBC-WPRS_WG_ICOC_Rennes_2020_flyer.pdf


September 24-27, 2023 16th International Rapeseed Congress, Sydney, Australia




We invite you to share information with the rapeseed/canola community: let us know the scientific projects, events organized in your country, crop performances or any information of interest in rapeseed/canola R&D.

Contact GCIRC News:

Etienne Pilorgé, GCIRC Secretary-Treasurer: e.pilorge(at)terresinovia.fr

Contact GCIRC: contact(at)gcirc.org

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