GCIRC Association

Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola

NEWSLETTER 4, June 2019

Please find below the 4th issue of the GCIRC Newsletter that was sent to the 15th IRC participants in Berlin. This 4th issue will inform you about important decisions taken by the GCIRC General Assembly regarding the governance of the association and its wish to open it widely to new members, in order to increase its impact. Membership offers several benefits to people intersetd in rapeseed/canola research and innovation. Membership fees have been lowered to 75€ per year in order to facilitate applications.

Editorial : GCIRC has a new name

Activity/ News of the association
Opening of the 15th International Rapeseed Congress, Berlin, June 17th, 2019
Rapeseed Award to Dr Wilfred Keller
Extraordinary General assembly

Scientific news
MUSTARD and Other Brassicae

Value chains and regional news

Upcoming International and national events

Editorial : GCIRC has a new name

The Extraordinary General Assembly of GCIRC, held in Berlin at the end of day 1 of the International Rapeseed Congress, adopted a series of proposals coming from the GCIRC board reflections from a couple of years.

Among them, a new name and a motto. The GCIRC acronym has been kept as a reminder of a long-lasting history from the beginning of rapeseed/canola development in the world, and the first meeting to build this association, in 1974, preceding its foundation in 1977, when GCIRC had three official lan-guages: French, German and English. As the international language of science and technologies English was adopted as the sole official language for the GCIRC at the occasion of the General Assembly in Saskatoon (2015).

The new name is now consistent with this decision and fully reflects the mission of the Association: ¨Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola¨. We do hope it will facilitate the development of the associations awareness all over the world.

The motto reflects the ambition of the association: “Building a world community for innovation on rapeseed/canola”

The logo will be adapted accordingly in the near future.

The Extraordinary General Assembly also took important decisions regarding the governance of the association, notably the option to open widely the GCIRC to new members, in order to increase its im-pact, and to encourage application for membership through lower membership fees and better identi-fied benefits for GCIRC members.

These decisions contain renewed challenges for the association in developing coordination activities for international research and attracting new generations of scientists.

The future of GCIRC in developing innovations for rapeseed/canola depends on us.

Prof Wolfgang Friedt, GCIRC President
Etienne Pilorgé, GCIRC Secretary-Treasurer

Activity/ News of the association

Opening of the 15th International Rapeseed Congress, Berlin, June 17th, 2019

The 15th International Rapeseed Congress was opened with welcoming speeches of the organizers of the Congress, by Prof Wolfgang Friedt, President of GCIRC (see edito), Wolfgang Vogel, Chairman of UFOP and Vice-President of German Farmers’ Association, and Michael Stuebgen, Parliamentary State Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Germany.

Prof Wolfgang Friedt reminded that this Congress, which welcomed 842 participants from 43 coun-tries, takes place 45 years after the 4th IRC in Germany, in 1974 in Giessen, the last one in Europe held in Prague in 2011.

Prof. Wolfgang Friedt – GCIRC President’s speech for 15th IRC opening ceremony

Today, oilseed rape/canola is one of the major sources of edible oil in the world. It is actually no. 2 of global oilseed crops. Key regions of production are Canada, China, Europe and Australia. The total acreage amounts to nearly 34 million hectares where more than 70 million tons are produced every year. Half-a-century ago, rapeseed was a minor crop for feeding and industrial uses only.

There is no doubt that the enormous extension of rapeseed cultivation during the last de-cades would not have come true without the intense research on rapeseed quality leading to canola (00 type) cul-tivars. This was accompanied by the foundation of the Groupe Consultatif International de Recherche sur le Colza (GCIRC). This International Group, an association supported by institutions interested in technical advance made in the production and processing of oilseed rape (OSR) was initially founded by a small group of experts aiming at the promotion of OSR/canola. In order to achieve this goal, major improvements of seed quality were needed: i) the reduction of unhealthy erucic acid in the seed oil and ii) the reduction of glucosinolates in the rapeseed meal and cake. These two quality steps were iniated in the 1970ies and first achieved by scientists in Canada and rapidly adopted in Europe and elsewhere. Today, there is a continuing interest in additional oil types like HOLL (High Oleic, low-sat). Since the 1990s genetic research led to the development of OSR hybrids. Nowadays, a large part of the production is based on hybrid cultivars. In addition, GM traits, e.g. new hybrid system and HR re-sistance, have been introduced in many parts of the world except Europe. Last but not least, the use of “biodiesel” as fuel has meanwhile gained importance.

The significant extension of OSR/canola cultivation has been accompanied by the appearance of harm-full pathogens and pests endangering rapeseed cultivation in all major growing areas. While diseases like cylindrosporium in the 1980s and phoma in the 1990s have been overcome through genetics, other diseases and insect pests have gained importance, e.g. “clubroot” since the 2000s. At the same time environmental stresses tend to progressively compromise rapeseed production. Consequently, the im-provement of resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses is one of the major challenges for OSR breeding and cultivation, as well as the need for further enhancement of oil quality as a health-pro-moting edible oil, and the amendment of protein content and composition for better feed and food.

The 15th International Rapeseed Congress 2019 in Berlin will provide a platform to discuss recent achievements and to identify suitable future directions and improvements of OSR/canola as a whole. GCIRC is directing and coordinating rapeseed congresses every four years as well as interim technical meetings. In order to further promote OSR/canola for future demands in agriculture and industry, GCIRC will take necessary steps to extend and intensify research on the sustainable and economic cul-tivation and use of OSR/canola. For this purpose, the presence of GCIRC in the scientific as well as commercial community needs to be fortified. Rapeseed congresses have always been major forums for promoting and strengthening international exchange and cooperation. With this in mind, we are looking forward to a successful IRC 2019 in Berlin.


Mr Wolfgang Vogel, Chairman of UFOP and Vice-President of German Farmers’ Association (DBV) gave the German farmers’ vision of the rapeseed in Germany and emphazided << that his double function underlines the successful development of rapeseed cultivation in Germany. UFOP was founded on the initiative of the German Farmers' Association and the Federal Association of German Plant Breeders with the aim of developing rapeseed into the most important leaf crop in arable farming. The driving force in the 1990s was the agricultural policy commitment to set aside land in Europe, combined with initial considerations for a European protein strategy. This is now on everyone's lips and is even the subject of an initiative by the European Commission. From the very beginning, consumers in Germany were also informed about the excellent nutritional properties of rapeseed oil.

Today, rapeseed is the leading crop in almost all areas of application. Rapeseed oil has been the num-ber one edible oil in German kitchens for a number of years. Rapeseed oil continues to be the most important raw material in biodiesel production and thus contributes significantly to climate protection in the transport sector and - please allow me to take this opportunity to say a few words to the Federal Government - will also play an important role in a future transport strategy. After all, rapeseed meal is the number one domestic source of protein in animal nutrition.

This is also due to the breeding successes with which the product quality has been continuously im-proved. This has increased the economic attractiveness of rapeseed cultivation with positive effects on the income of rapeseed producers.

The International Rapeseed Congress in 1974 in Giessen laid the basis for research work and thus for breeding progress in the following decades. It focused on the question of the elimination of erucic acid and the reduction of glucosinolates.

UFOP would like to continue the positive development in the past decades, even if the challenges in breeding, cultivation and marketing have changed considerably. In my capacity as "top farmer" in the profession, I am very pleased that more than 800 international experts will meet at this congress to present and discuss the latest research results. The International Rapeseed Congress takes place every 4 years. I therefore see a parallel to the Olympic idea. The best representatives of each discipline com-pete here. We can see this in the large number of scientific papers submitted after our call.

For me as a representative of agriculture, the large number and high quality of the scientific contribu-tions to the Rapeseed Congress are reassuring, because they also demonstrate the importance of the global rapeseed and canola industry.

It is also reassuring for another reason: because the challenges are increasing in view of the noticeable climate changes. The drought year 2018 was a serious warning in Europe. Research must keep pace with this development by applying the latest breeding methods, by developing innovative measures in crop protection and in production technology. At the same time, the knowledge gained must be put into practice as quick as possible.

The digitisation of agriculture will facilitate and accelerate implementation. This will require political support, i.e. financial resources. In research, financial support is known to be a "scarce commodity" worldwide. The demand for more public funding for research is only consistent, because politics and society are increasingly making higher demands on the sustainability of rapeseed cultivation and ara-ble farming.

I therefore expect the need for research to increase even further. This is also confirmed by the critical discussion in society about the use of crop protection products and the difficult situation in the ap-proval of new active ingredients. At the same time, more biodiversity in agriculture and an extension of the existing crop rotation systems in terms of water and climate protection are called for.

Solutions must be found to ensure that rapeseed cultivation retains its economic perspective and con-tinues to dominate the landscape with its bright yellow spots of colour depending on the season and region. I have the impression that the International Rapeseed Congress has never been as important as it is today.

This congress is an outstanding international platform to listen to and discuss many exciting and for-ward-looking lectures. It also offers the opportunity to establish valuable contacts and networks. With this in mind, I call on you to make intensive use of these congress days. Agricultural practice will be very thankful for it.>>

Rapeseed Award to Dr Wilfred Keller


The Eminent Scientist Award, or Rapeseed Award (see https://www.gcirc.org/about-us/awards), created in 1983, has been given to Dr Wilfred Keller (see his personal page on GCIRC website: https://www.gcirc.org/online-directory/members-directory). Dr Rod Mailer reminded the assembly about his lasting con-tribution to innovation in rapeseed/canola and his participation in the life and development of GCIRC : “Throughout his 40-year science career, Wilf Keller has led many major research initiatives including the application of genomics in canola development; the development of industrial bioproducts from vegetable oils; and the production of bioactive natural products I plants for enhanced human health and quality of life.

The development of canola as a major crop in Saskatchewan is directly attributed to the development of herbicide tolerant varieties undertaken by Dr Wilf Keller. Herbicide tolerant canola makes up about 98% of Saskatchewan canola today. Wilf collaborated very well with industry and always propagated a private-public partnership. Wilf grew up in Melville, Saskatoon. He earned a PhD in Crop Science at the University of Saskatchewan, followed by postdoctoral studies in Germany. He worked at Agricul-ture Canada in Ottawa from 1973-89, where he pursued research on cell genetics of selected Canadian crops. He contributed to the establishment of a plant biotechnology research program, which he chaired from 1980-89. In 1990, he accepted a position with the Plant Biotechnology Institute (PBI) of the National research Council of Canada in Saskatoon. He served as group leader for canola biotech-nology and head of the Transgenic Plant Centre. In 1999, he becam research director of the Centre. In 2007, Wilf took a one-year posting as the acting director general of PBI, then served as president and CEO for Genome Prairie from 2008 to 2012. As CEO of Ag-West Bio since 2012Wilf’s work focuses on how agriculture can be improved, and how to increase prosperity amongst the farming community, all the while making it more sustainable in the face of an increasing world population. Along with his position as president and CEO of Ag-West Bio, Wilf assumed the role of Chair of Agricultural Institute of Canada since 2016. “

Dr Wilf Keller sent to the assembly a message full of optimism, reminding of the numerous changes he saw on canola crops, growing from 1Mha to 10 Mha in Canada, becoming a big industry for the country: this development has been possible with the progress which has been made in science and technolo-gies. In 1982, Wilk Keller remembers he has the opportunity to learn new techniques in Tubingen, to speed up genetics: the use of these techniques has been very important, but even more collaboration and the collective aspects. It is why these Rapeseed Congresses are so important, each Congress rep-resenting a step. Wilf Keller mentioned a series of innovation areas and technologies for canola agri-culture, like digital technologies, drones, etc… and issues: how to address sustainability and weather uncertainties, yield and performance? How to develop new products with proteins? Science base cul-ture is needed to build in this crop and industry. Wilf Keller concluded on his optimism concerning the role of science in building a great future.

Extraordinary General assembly

The Extraordinary General Assembly of GCIRC, held in Berlin at the end of the first day of International Rapeseed Congress, adopted a series of proposals coming from the GCIRC board reflections for two years.

Among them, a new name and a motto:

Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola - “Building a world community for innovation on rapeseed/canola”.

The GCIRC Extraordinary General Assembly also adopted a series of amendments to the constitution and articles of the association. The principles of these evolutions are explained hereunder.

The GCIRC has been founded more than 50 years ago by a group of experts, representatives of national institutions interested in rapeseed development and research, most of them holding the collective preoccupations of the national rapeseed economic sectors. Their main objective was « to develop sci-entific and technical research as well as studies and experiments concerning the improvement of rape-seed and its processed products from an agronomic, technological and food perspective, and to ensure close links between researchers on this subject ». For this, they focus on the coordination of the Inter-national Rapeseed Congress, usually once every 4 years, with the support of a limited number of co-opted members, organized in thematic committees, and carefully chosen to keep balances between countries and scientific disciplines. At that time the 3 pillars of GCIRC were a) its members and com-mittees, meeting once every 4 years at the occasion of the « technical meeting » whose target was sharing information and vision within the community, b) the International Rapeseed Congress (IRC), totally open to share information at a wider level, and c) the regular publication of the GCIRC Bulletin, gathering scientific papers mostly on rapeseed.

The major function of GCIRC is still to stimulate research on Oilseed Rape (OSR)/Canola, which is largely grown all over the world but does not benefit from very strong research efforts as in major crops like wheat, corn, rice or soybean.

Since our last General Assembly in 2017 in Alnarp, Sweden (report on the members’ space on the website), the Executive Board with the Committees Chairs discussed in order to prepare proposals for the GCIRC future, for presentation and decisions during the General Assembly in Berlin, on June 17.

These proposals aim at reorganizing the GCIRC to reinforce its sustainability, considering the context of evolutions. The challenge is to find consistent options ensuring further development of the OSR/Canola world community, a better efficacy of the association and better services to its members, and sustainable finances.

Governance: Developing coordination and vision
From its origins, the GCIRC is at the crossroad of the interests of the OSR/Canola economic sector and of researchers: this point is fundamental and must be maintained in future. The effective participation of these two groups is a key element to develop a global vision.

The board of GCIRC is in charge of the general orientations and finances with a key mission for the organisation of the congress, and the research committee in charge of the scientific and technical top-ical issues.

The main orientations:

- Extend the maximum number of board members to 18 in the perspective of future adhesions and keep the principle of one board member per country, relying on representative institutions.
- Reinforce the role of the research committees regarding the scientific issues,
The proposition is to extend to 6:
• Breeding
• Agronomy
• Crop protection
• Analyses, processing and uses
• Economy and markets
• Mustard and other cruciferous oilseed crops

A pending question for developing the collective vision is how to build a dialogue with the companies and get their input. Perhaps a possible way could be to create a permanent “foresight group” involving representatives of companies from different links of the value chain.

The technical meetings (TM) should be the time to put things into perspective, through brainstorming sessions and debates too develop and share a vision of the major challenges.

In order to enlarge the OSR/Canola community, associating mustards through a specific committee (other cruciferous oilseed species) is proposed: the development of other brassicas as crops and of genomics gives a specific interest to a focus on these species.

Until today, GCIRC remains a confidential association with less than 80 members, with tight rules to join the association. Increasing the number of members is necessary to develop the capacities and the impact of GCIRC.it is proposed to develop institutional membership, for public and private institutions, To create a category of beneficent membership, associated to sponsoring of the association’s activities, to create a category of “friends”, with partial access to the website information, and to favour the key category of “individual active members” with lower fees than today.

Making GCIRC a living community means developing the interest of its members in interactions. Espe-cially for researchers, the GCIRC should provide more than what they can find in disciplinary forums: multidisciplinary exchanges and interactions with the actors of transfer, development and economy may be of noticeable interest for researchers to set socio-economic arguments for their research choices, and to set priorities in research tracks. For this, the GCIRC should develop its vision at the crossroad of sectorial socio-economic issues and of research dynamics/challenges resulting in the choice of “hot topics” and coordination of exchanges on these topics. To support this process, GCIRC could implement tools, services and methods, such as website, newsletters and working groups.

Working groups and hot topics could be organized, not needing necessarily to be active worldwide: however, if problems are of great importance in one or several regions of the world, they are certainly worth to be considered within GCIRC. Working groups should be at the crossroad of scientific chal-lenges and socio-economic issues, and deal with “hot topics”, which are generally transversal to sev-eral disciplines.

Suggestions have been expressed at the occasion of the GCIRC survey, including pan-genomics, ge-nomic technologies, nutrition studies, heat tolerance, integration of canola with other crops, insects’ resistance to insecticides, etc…

For awareness purposes, especially on internet and considering that the main language used in the scientific community is English, the name and acronym of GCIRC should correspond to English terms.

In this perspective, the GCIRC General Assembly decided its name into “Global Council for Innovation in Rapeseed and Canola".

Scientific news




Arifuzzaman, M., Oladzadabbasabadi, A., McClean, P. et al. Mol Genet Genomics (2019). Shovelomics for phenotyping root architectural traits of rapeseed/canola (Brassica napus L.) and genome-wide association mappinghttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00438-019-01563-x

Dun, X., Shi, J., Liu, H. et al. Sci. China Life Sci. (2019). Genetic dissection of root morphological traits as related to potassium use efficiency in rapeseed under two contrasting potassium levels by hy-droponics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11427-018-9503-x

Jie Wang, Lieqiong Kuang, Xinfa Wang, Guihua Liu, Xiaoling Dun, Hanzhong Wang. Temporal genetic patterns of root growth in Brassica napus L. revealed by a low-cost, high-efficiency hydroponic system . Theor Appl Genet (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03356-7

Jin-Qi Ma, Li-Juan Wei, Ai Lin, Chao Zhang, Wei Sun, Bo Yang, Kun Lu and Jia-Na Li . The Alternative Splicing Landscape of Brassica napus Infected with Leptosphaeria maculans. Genes 2019, 10(4), 296; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10040296

Zheng, M., Hu, M., Yang, H. et al. Three BnaIAA7 homologs are involved in auxin/brassinosteroid-me-diated plant morphogenesis in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Plant Cell Rep (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-019-02410-4

Boszorádová, E., Matušíková, I., Libantová, J. et al. Cre-mediated marker gene removal for production of biosafe commercial oilseed rape. Acta Physiol Plant (2019) 41: 73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-019-2865-2

Fatemeh Atashi Shirazi, Hooman Razi, Ali Niazi, Abbas Alemzadeh. Molecular cloning and expression analysis of a stress-responsive WRKYtranscription factor gene,BnWRKY57,from Brassica napus . http://www.pomics.com/shirazi_12_1_2019_37_47.pdf

Muhammad Shahid, Guangqin Cai, Feng Zu, Qing Zhao, Muhammad Uzair Qasim, Yueyun Hong, Chuchuan Fan and Yongming Zhou. Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Developing Seeds and Silique Wall Reveals Dynamic Transcription Networks for Effective Oil Production in Brassica napus L. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081982

Qing Zhao, Jian Wu, Guangqin Cai, Qingyong Yang, Muhammad Shahid, Chuchuan Fan, Chunyu Zhang, Yongming Zhou. A novel quantitative trait locus on chromosome A9 controlling oleic acid con-tent in Brassica napus. Plant Biotechnology journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13142

Liang Chai, Jinfang Zhang, Kun Lu, Haojie Li, Lintao Wu, Hongshen Wan, Benchuan Zheng, Cheng Cui, Jun Jiang and Liangcai Jiang. Identification of genomic regions associated with multi-silique trait in Brassica napus. BMC Genomics201920:304. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-5675-4

Zhao, W., Zhang, L., Chao, H. et al. Genome-wide identification of silique-related traits based on high-density genetic linkage map in Brassica napus. Mol Breeding (2019) 39: 86. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-019-0988-1

Souhail Channaoui, Mostapha Labhilili, Hamid Mazouz, Mohamed El Fechtali and Abdelghani Na-bloussi. Assessment of novel EMS-induced genetic variability in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and selection of promising mutants. Pakistan Journal of Botany 51(5). https://doi.org/10.30848/PJB2019-5(15)

Weihua Long, Maolong Hu, Jianqin Gao, Lijie Sun, Jiefu Zhang, Huiming Pu. Identification and applica-tion of markers closely linked to the restorer gene (Rfm) in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.18105

Jingjing Xu, Chinedu Charles Nwafor, Nadil Shah, Yuanwei Zhou, Chunyu Zhang. Identification of ge-netic variation in Brassica napus seeds for tocopherol content and composition using near-infra-red spectroscopy technique. Plant Breeding. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12708

Xin He, Sai Xie, Pan Xie, Min Yao, Wei Liu, Lunwen Qin, Zhongsong Liu, Ming Zheng, Hongfang Liu, Mei Guan, Wei Hua. Genome-wide identification of stress-associated proteins (SAP) with A20/AN1 zinc finger domains associated with abiotic stresses responses in Brassica napus. Environmental and Experimental Botany,2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.007

Yuanyuan Pu, Lijun Liu, Junyan Wu, Yuhong Zhao, Jing Bai, Li Ma, Jinli Yue, Jiaojiao Jin, Zaoxia Niu, Yan Fang and Wancang Sun. Transcriptome Profile Analysis of Winter Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in Response to Freezing Stress, Reveal Potentially Connected Events to Freezing Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(11), 2771; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20112771

Dominic Knoch, Amine Abbadi, Fabian Grandke, Rhonda C. Meyer, Birgit Samans, Christian R. Werner, Rod J. Snowdon, Thomas Altmann. Strong temporal dynamics of QTL action on plant growth progression revealed through high-throughput phenotyping in canola. Plant biotechnology jour-nal. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13171

PhD thesis:
An, Bo. Identification of QTL for seed weight, flowering time, and oil content in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) 2019. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1993/33865

MSc thesis:
- Shiranifar, Bijan, 2019. Evaluation of Spring Canola (Brassica Napus) Lines Derived from Ruta-baga (Brassica Napus Var. Napobrassica) X Canola Crosses for Agronomic and Seed Quality Traits and Heterosis. University of Alberta. https://doi.org/10.7939/R3ZK5624M

- Jani, Bhavikkumar N. Broadening of genetic diversity in spring canola (Brassica napus L.) by use of C genome of B. oleracea var. capitata, and the effect of this on the performance of the inbred lines and their test-hybrids. University of Alberta. https://doi.org/10.7939/R30V8B014


Dylan J. Ziegler, Deirdre Khan, Jenna L. Kalichuk , Michael G. Becker , Mark F. Belmonte 2019. Trans-criptome landscape of the early Brassica napus seed . JIPB. https://doi.org/10.1111/jipb.12812


Ram Singh Dhaliwal and Bahaderjeet Singh. Pathogenicity test of Alternaria brassicae (Berk.) Sacc. us-ing artificial inoculation methods on common varieties of rapeseed-mustard in Punjab region. Journal of Oilseed Brassica, 10 (1) : 21-26, January 2019 Journal of Oilseed Brassica, 10 (1) Janu-ary, 2019 21; http://www.srmr.org.in/ojs/index.php/job/article/viewFile/329/210


Michael Wayne Harding, T. Blake Hill, Yalong Yang, Greg C Daniels, Sheau-Fang Hwang, Stephen Ernest Strelkov, Ronald J. Howard, and Jie Feng An improved Evans blue staining method for consistent, accurate assessment of Plasmodiophora brassicae resting spore viability. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-18-0855-RE


Claudia I. Diaz, Felipe Cevallos, and John Damicone. Characterization of the Race Structure of Lepto-sphaeria maculans Causing Blackleg of Winter Canola in Oklahoma and Kansas. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-01-19-0181-RE

Reynaldi Darma, Adrian Lutz, Candace E. Elliott, Alexander Idnurm. Identification of a gene cluster for the synthesis of the plant hormone abscisic acid in the plant pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans. Fungal Genetics and Biology, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2019.04.015

Andrew S Urquhart, Alexander Idnurm, Limitations of transcriptome-based prediction of pathogenicity genes in the plant pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, FEMS Microbiology Letters, Volume 366, Issue 7, April 2019, fnz080, https://doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnz080

Yengkhom Premlata Devi and G.K.N.Chhetry. In vitro screening of Trichoderma viride against Albugo candida-white rust pathogen of rapeseed-mustard . https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/

Jabraeil Razmjou, Mahdieh Jafary and Ehsan Borzou. Host plantpreference and life table of Brevicoryne brassicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). J. Crop Prot. 2019, 8 (2). http://fsct.modares.ac.ir/article-3-17993-en.pdf

Sevak Das, D.N. Tejani, J.C. Patel, A.G. Desai, A.I. Desai and Gangwar, G.P. 2019. Effect of Weather Parameters on Population Dynamics of Mustard Aphid.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 1648-1653. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.192

Yahya Z. A. Gaafar, Heiko Ziebell. Two Divergent Isolates of Turnip Yellows Virus from Pea and Rape-seed and First Report of Turnip Yellows Virus-Associated RNA in Germany. Microbiology. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00214-19

Huang, F.; Hao, Z.; Yan, F. Influence of Oilseed Rape Seed Treatment with Imidacloprid on Survival, Feeding Behavior, and Detoxifying Enzymes of Mustard Aphid, Lipaphis erysimi. Insects 2019, 10, 144. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10050144

R. Taghizadeh . Comparative Life Table of Mustard Aphid, Lipaphis erysimi(Kaltenbach) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Canola Cultivars J. Agr. Sci. Tech. (2019) Vol. 21(3): 627-636627. http://fsct.mo-dares.ac.ir/article-23-17248-en.pdf

Congdon, B.; Matson, P.; Begum, F.; Kehoe, M.; Coutts, B. Application of Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification in an Early Warning System for Epidemics of an Externally Sourced Plant Virus. Plants 2019, 8, 139. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8050139

Jenny Liu, Boyd A Mori, Owen Olfert, Rebecca H Hallett, Determining Temperature-Dependent Devel-opment and Mortality Parameters of the Swede Midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), Journal of Eco-nomic Entomology, , toz095, https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz095

PhD thesis: Perry, Kym D. The colonisation of canola crops by the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L., in southern Australia. University of Adelaide. http://hdl.handle.net/2440/119290

MSc theses:
Muzzatti, Matthew James. The development of a pheromone-based action threshold for management of swede midge (Contarinia nasturtii (Kieffer)) in canola (Brassica napus L.). University of Guelph. http://hdl.handle.net/10214/15910

Hallett, Rebecca. Modelling swede midge (Contarinia nasturtii Kieffer) population dynamics in its inva-sive range. University of Guelph. http://hdl.handle.net/10214/16000


Malek, Mohsen; Ghaderi-Far, Farshid; Torabi, Benjamin; Sadeghipour, Hamid Reza; Hay, Fiona R. The Influence of Seed Priming on Storability of Rapeseed (Brassica napus) Seeds. https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2019.47.1.09

Khanum, S.A.Majid,A.Bibi, A.Ulfat, S.Ashra. SEED PRIMING ENHANCES CANOLA (BRASSICA NA-PUSL.)YIELD BY MODULATINGBIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES UNDER WATER DEFICITCONDITIONK. The J. Anim. Plant Sci. 29(3):2019. http://www.thejaps.org.pk/docs/Ac-cepted/2019/29-03/05.pdf

Brendan Christy, Jens Berger, Heping Zhang, Penny Riffkin, Angela Merry, Anna Weeks, Terry McLean, Garry J. O’Leary. Potential yield benefits from increased vernalisation requirement of canola in Southern Australia. Field Crops Research, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2019.05.015

Souhail Channaoui, Imane Saghouri El Idrissi, Hamid Mazouz et Abdelghani Nabloussi. Reaction of some rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) genotypes to different drought stress levels during germina-tion and seedling growth stages . https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019020

Yaser Ostovari, Afshin Honarbakhsh, Hamed Sangoony, Farhad Zolfaghari, Kimia Maleki, Ben Ingram. GIS and multi-criteria decision-making analysis assessment of land suitability for rapeseed farm-ing in calcareous soils of semi-arid regions. Ecological Indicators, Volume 103, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.04.051

Ziadoon M. Jaafar, Mahmood A. Ramadhan, Raghad S. Mouhamad1, Rasha A Mussa, ButhainaA.Jassim, Ahmed J. Husain. Evaluation of Rapeseed (Brassica napusL.) maturity and productivity for accu-mulative temperature . http://dx.doi.org/10.21931/RB/2019.04.01.7

Simon Kightley, Helen Appleyard, David Evershed, Linda Maile, William Smith, Pravina Solanki and Thomas Wood. Investigation of high levels of erucic acid in consignments of double-zero oilseed rape varieties. Project report AHDB N°602. https://cereals.ahdb.org.uk/media/1477189/pr602-final-project-report-february-2019-.pdf

Souhail Channaoui, Imane Saghouri El Idrissi, Hamid Mazouz and Abdelghani Nabloussi. Reaction of some rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) genotypes to different drought stress levels during germina-tion and seedling growth stages. OCL 2019, 26, 23. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019020

Vujaković, M., Marjanović-Jeromela, A., Ovuka, J., Jovičić, D., & Savić, J. (2019). Oilseed rape seed aging. Journal on Processing and Energy in Agriculture, 23(2), 55-57. scindeks.ceon.rs/arti-cle.aspx
James K. M. Brown, Rebecca Beeby & Steven Penfield . Yield instability of winter oilseed rape modu-lated by early winter temperature. Scientific Reports 9, Article number: 6953 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43461-7

Budong Qian, Xuebin Zhang, Ward Smith, Brian Grant, Qi Jing, Alex Cannon, Denise Neilsen, Brian McConkey, Guilong Li, Barrie Bonsal, Hui Wan, Li Xue and Jun Zhao. Climate change impacts on Canadian yields of spring wheat, canola and maize for global warming levels of 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0°C. Environmental Research Letters https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab17f

Zakir Hossain, Eric N. Johnson, Li Wang, Robert E. Blackshaw, Yantai Gan. Comparative analysis of oil and protein content and seed yield of five Brassicaceae oilseeds on the Canadian prairie. Indus-trial Crops and Products, Volume 136, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.05.001

Genei Antonio Dalmago, Cleusa Adriane Menegassi Biachi, Samuel Kovaleski, Elizandro Fochesatto. Evaluation of mathematical equations for estimating leaf area in rapeseed. http://www.ccare-vista.ufc.br/seer/index.php/ccarevista/article/view/6358

Kui Liu, Eric N. Johnson, Robert E. Blackshaw, Zakir Hossain, Yantai Gan. Improving the productivity and stability of oilseed cropping systems through crop diversification. Field Crops Research. doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2019.03.020
Aggarwal Navneet, Gontar B, Amanda P, Dzoma B, Arsego F and Roberts P, Oakey H, Li W, Boutsalis P and McMurray L. Weed responses to high break crop intensity systems. https://grdc.com.au/re-sources-and-publications/grdc-update-papers/tab-content/grdc-update-pa-pers/2019/02/weed-responses-to-high-break-crop-intensity-systems

Md Asaduzzaman, Jim E. Pratley, David Luckett, Deirdre Lemerle & Hanwen Wu. Weed management in canola (Brassica napus L): a review of current constraints and future strategies for Australia. doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2019.1624726
Cui Cui, Xurong Xie & Qingyuan Zhou (2019) Phytotoxic Effects of Residual Glufosinate on the Nitrogen Assimilation of Transplanted Rapeseed Seedlings, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 50:11, 1370-1385, https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2019.1614612

Edwige Charbonnier, Aline Fugeray-Scarbel et Stéphane Lemarié. Rapeseed: how to value varieties with higher nitrogen use efficiency in France. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019021

Laîné, P.; Haddad, C.; Arkoun, M.; Yvin, J.-C.; Etienne, P. Silicon Promotes Agronomic Performance in Brassica napus Cultivated under Field Conditions with Two Nitrogen Fertilizer Inputs. Plants 2019, 8, 137. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8050137

Luzia von Känel, Josefa Fuchs, Volker Prasuhn and Peter Molnar Comparison of dendrometer meas-urements with lysimeter data at Agroscope Reckenholz. Gumpensteiner Lysimetertagung 2019, 143 – 146 ISBN: 978-3-902849-64-9

PhD theses:

Flick, Gabriel D. Brassicaceae Seed Persistence and Dormancy in the Willamette Valley. https://ir.li-brary.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/1831cq82r

Emilie Poisson. Optimisation de la fertilisation soufrée pour améliorer le rendement et la qualité grainière du colza : impacts des interactions Soufre/Azote et du changement climatique, identi-fications d'idéotypes (in french) / Optimization of sulfur fertilization to improve the yield and grain quality of rapeseed: impacts of Sulfur / Nitrogen interactions and climate change, identifi-cations of ideotypes. University of Caen Normandie. https://www.theses.fr/2018NORMC264


Processes, oil, proteins

Ying Wu, Feiran Xu, Shengyang Ji, Jialu Ji, Fuyi Qin, Xingrong Ju and Lifeng Wang. Influence of photooxidation on the lipid profile of rapeseed oil using UHPLC-QTOF-MS and multivariate data analysis. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelan-ding/2019/ay/c9ay00385a/unauth#!divAbstract

Hongjiao Xu, Sihua Hong, Zhibin Yan, Qian Zhao, Ying Shi, Nazi Song, Junqiu Xie, Xianxing Jiang, RAP-8 ameliorates liver fibrosis by modulating cell cycle and oxidative stress. Life Sciences, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2019.04.037

Marcel Skejovic Joehnke, René Lametsch, Jens Christian Sørensen. Improved in vitro digestibility of rapeseed napin proteins in mixtures with bovine beta-lactoglobulin. Food Research Internatio-nal,Volume 123, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.05.004

Hristo Kalaydzhiev, Petya Ivanova, Cristina L. M. Silva, Vesela I. Chalova. Protein-Rich Ingredient Co-Produced from Ethanol-Treated Industrial Rapeseed Meal. Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci. 2019;69(2):129–136. doi.org/10.31883/pjfns-2019-0007
Youdong Li, Jinwei Li, Qingfeng Su and Yuanfa Liu . Sinapine reduces non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice by modulating the composition of the gut microbiota. Food func, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9FO00195F

Ramiro J. Sánchez, María B. Fernández and Susana M. Nolasco. Ethanol extraction of canola oil: Kinetics and effects of type of solvent and microwave-pretreatment. OCL Journal. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019025

Qingzhi Ding, Hanfei Jiang, Yuxin Chen, Lin Luo, Ronghai He, Haile Ma, Ricardo A. Wu-Chen, Ting Zhang. Influence of nitrogen protection on the extraction yield and antioxidant activities of po-lyphenols by ultrasonic-assisted extraction from rapeseed meal. J of food process Engineering; https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.13104

Yan Wang, Ji Liu, Fuhao Wei, Xiaolan Liu, Yi Chunxia, Yonggen Zhang, Improvement of the nutritional value, sensory properties and bioavailability of rapeseed meal fermented with mixed microor-ganisms, LWT, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2019.06.005

Patent US20190150473A1 Johannes Hendrikus Maria WILLEMSEN, Johannes Hendrikus Antonius Jeroen VERMUNT, Nienke Nina HYLKEMA, Gerardus Johannes Franciscus Smolders. Soluble rapeseed protein isolate. https://patentimages.sto-rage.googleapis.com/7b/6b/6f/167372581cc5ab/US20190150473A1.pdf

Peg Gee Chang, Rahul Gupta, Yakindra Prasad Timilsena. Rheological and Microstructural Characteris-tics of Canola Protein Isolate−Chitosan Complex Coacervates. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14599

Daniela Vergara, Carolina Shene. Encapsulation of lactoferrin into rapeseed phospholipids based lipo-somes: Optimization and physicochemical characterization. Journal of Food Engineering, Vo-lume 262, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2019.05.012

Ermakov, C.F., Chmykhova, T.G., Timoshenko, A.V. et al. Tribological Features of Environmentally Safe Lubricant Compositions Based on Rapeseed OilJ. Frict. Wear (2019) 40: 194. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068366619020053


Škapa, S. & Vochozka, M. Waste energy recovery improves price competitiveness of artificial forage from rapeseed straw. Clean Techn Environ Policy (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-019-01697-x

Xu, M., Wang, T., Wang, J. et al. An evaluation of mixed plant protein in the diet of Yellow River carp (Cyprinus carpio): growth, body composition, biochemical parameters, and growth hor-mone/insulin-like growth factor 1. Fish Physiol Biochem (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-019-00641-6

Karel Vehovský, Roman Stupka, Kateřina Zadinová, Michal Šprysl, Monika Okrouhlá, Nicole Lebedová, Eva Mlyneková, Jaroslav Čítek . Effect of dietary rapeseed and soybean oil on growth perfor-mance, carcass traits, and fatty acid composition of pigs. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/rbz4820180131

Rachel Kathleen Savary, Janice L MacIsaac, Bruce Rathgeber, Nancy McLean, Derek Martin Anderson. Evaluating Brassica napus and Brassica juncea meals with supplemental enzymes for use in brown-egg laying hen diets: Production performance and egg quality factors . Revue cana-dienne de science animale, https://doi.org/10.1139/CJAS-2018-0193

L P Zhu, J P Wang, X M Ding, S P Bai, Q F Zeng, Z W Su, Y Xuan, T J Applegate, K Y Zhang, The effects of varieties and levels of rapeseed expeller cake on egg production performance, egg quality, nu-trient digestibility, and duodenum morphology in laying hens, Poultry Science, , pez254, https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez254

Poster : Stach, L. L., Heidari, F., Rajendran, A., Øverland, M., Mydland, L. T., Øvrum Hansen, J., ... & Hu, B. (2019). Enhancing Feed Digestibility and Nutritional Property of Rapeseed Meal by Fungal Treatment in Solid Cultures.

Analyses :

Weijun Wang, Changsheng Liu, Fenghong Huang, Wenlin Li, Chang Zheng. Preparation and characteri-zation of nanocellulose from rapeseed hull. OCS. http://www.journa-locs.org/EN/Y2019/V4/I1/55

B.V. Le Thanh, E. Beltranena, X. Zhou, L.F. Wang, R.T. Zijlstra. Amino acid and energy digestibility of Brassica napus canola meal from different crushing plants fed to ileal-cannulated grower pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, Volume 252, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ani-feedsci.2019.04.008

Phavit Wongsirichot, Maria Gonzalez-Miquel, James Winterburn. Holistic valorization of rapeseed meal utilizing green solvents extraction and biopolymer production with Pseudomonas putida. Jour-nal of Cleaner Production,Volume 230, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.104

E. Rokosik, K. Dwiecki, M. Rudzińska, A. Siger, K. Polewski. Column chromatography as a method for minor components removal from rapeseed oil. Grasas y Aceites Vol 701 https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0709182

Michelle L. Colgrave, Keren Byrne, Joanne Caine, Lukasz Kowalczyk, Sapna Vibhakaran Pillai, Bei Dong, George Lovrecz, Susan MacIntosh, Judith A. Scoble, James R. Petrie, Surinder Singh, Xue-Rong Zhou. Proteomics reveals the in vitro protein digestibility of seven transmembrane enzymes from the docosahexaenoic acid biosynthesis pathway. Food and Chemical Toxicology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2019.05.015

BSc thesis:
Tommila, Ritva (2019). Purification of proteins from rapeseed meal : using membrane technology. Tampere University of Applied Sciences – TAMK . https://www.theseus.fi/han-dle/10024/171200


Hamulczuk, Mariusz & Makarchuk, Oksana & Sica, Edgardo, 2019. "Price Behaviour and Market Inte-gration: Preliminary Evidence from the Ukrainian and European Union Rapeseed Markets," Problems of World Agriculture / Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, WydziaÅ‚ Nauk Ekonomicznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, vol. 19(Issue 1), March. https://ideas.repec.org/a/ags/polpwa/288517.html

Sasu-Boakye, Yaw ; Valin, Hugo ; Wirsenius, Stefan ; Havlik, Petr ; Hedenus, Fredrik ; Frank, Stefan ; Herrero, Mario. Biofuel versus protein policies: what best strategy for self-sufficiency and cli-mate mitigation in the EU? https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/289709/

John Paull. Genetically Modified (Gm) Canola: Price Penal-ties and Contaminations. Biomed J Sci & Tech Res 17(2)-2019. BJSTR. MS.ID.0029. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02130966/doc-ument

MUSTARD and Other Brassicae


Asif M Iqbala, MS Sujith Kumarb, S Najeeba, FA Sheikha, ZA Darc, PA Sofic, I Abidi d and AB Shikaria. Genetic variability studies for quality traits in rapeseed-mustard. Journal of Oilseed Brassica 10-1 (8-13,) January 2019. http://www.srmr.org.in/ojs/index.php/job/article/viewFile/329/210

Esfahanian, Maliheh, "IMPROVING AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF THE OILSEED-PRODUCING WINTER COVER CROP PENNYCRESS (THLASPI ARVENSE) USING CRISPR-CAS9 GENOME EDITING" (2019). Univer-sity Research Symposium. 262. https://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu/rsp_urs/262

Priyakshee Borpatragohain , Terry J. Rose, Lei Liu , Carolyn A. Raymond , Bronwyn J. Barkla, Graham J. King. Seed glucosinolate yield is maximized by higher rates of sulfur nutrition than required for seed yield in condiment mustard (Brassica juncea L.). PLOS https://doi.org/10.1371/jour-nal.pone.0213429

R.S. Jat, V.V. Singh, Pankaj Sharma et P.K. Rai. Oilseed brassica in India: Demand, supply, policy per-spective and future potential. OCL Journal. https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019005


Pilorgé E, Flénet F, Quinsac A, Pinochet X. 2019. From one rapeseed congress to another: what research for which issues, A review of the Saskatoon 2015 conference in the perspective of Berlin 2019. OCL, https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019026

Dragana Miladinović, Johann Vollmann, Leire Molinero-Ruiz and Mariela Torres. Editorial: Advances in Oil Crops Research –Classical and New Approaches to Achieve Sustainable Productivity. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00791

Value chains and regional news

1) US
Canola acreage and yields continue to gradually climb in the southern U.S. In AgWeb, farmers make the case for canola in Arkansas, Kentucky and Tennessee. Though canola plantings in these states are currently low (1,500 acres / 600ha), production is high with an average of 50-70 bushels per acre (3.4 to 4.7 t/ha). “We know wheat acres are down about 90 percent since 2013 in this region, so there is big need for a substitute crop,” says Duane Dunlap of Archer Daniels Midland. “Certainly, canola may bring a better return than wheat.” (source : Canola Quick Bytes, by US Canola Association, June 3, 2019. See http://www.uscanola.com/news-cen-ter/)

2) High-Oleic Canola Oil Eligible for Heart-Healthy Claim
On Nov. 19, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized a qualified health claim that consuming the monounsaturated fat oleic acid in edible oils, such as high-oleic can-ola oil, may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. Source: US Canola Association post on 26 Nov 2018: read more on http://www.uscanola.com/site/epage/166110_956.htm

3) Europe
According to the crop monitoring Bulletin for Europe, OSR yield at European scale in 2019 should be slightly below the 5 years average, but much better than in 2018, which was very poor.
After very dry conditions during the autumn 2018, which caused a drop in OSR acreage, nota-bly in Germany and Northern France, the spring conditions were somehow chahotic: “ Large parts of northern-central Europe experienced a marked rainfall deficit since mid-March. April was particularly dry in these regions. Winter crops are negatively affected in northern Poland, eastern and north-eastern Germany and north-western Czechia, especially those on light sandy soils. Emerging spring and summer crops were also impacted (…) The distinctly colder-than-usual conditions that occurred in large parts of Europe in early May slowed down winter crop development, but frost damage to annual crops (such as flowering rapeseed stands) was limited to local occurrences. “ Read more on: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/science-update/im-proved-yield-outlook-southern-europe-expectations-reduced-northern-regions

Upcoming International and national events

7-10 July 2019, 9th European Symposium on Plant Lipids Marseille, France

18-21 September 2019: European Conference on crop diversification. Budapest, Hongrie. https://www.cropdiversification2019.net/call-for-abstracts.html

20-23 October 2019 17th Euro Fed Lipid Congress and Expo. Sevilla, Spain

4 – 5 December, 2019 Canola Week 2019. Hilton Garden Inn, 90 22 St E, Saskatoon.

3-5 February 2020. iCROPM2020. Crop modelling for Agriculture and Food Security un-der Global Change. Montpellier, France.https://www.icropm2020.org/

9-12 February 2020. World congress on oils and fats 2020. Sidney, Australia. www.wcofsydney2020.com

We invite you to share information with the rapeseed/canola community: let us know the scientific projects, events organized in your country, crop performances or any information of interest in rapeseed/canola R&D.
Contact GCIRC News:

Etienne Pilorgé, GCIRC Secretary-Treasurer: e.pilorge(at)terresinovia.fr
Contact GCIRC: contact(at)gcirc.org

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